Design and technologies / Year 9 and 10 / Design and Technologies Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Investigate and make judgments on how the characteristics and properties of materials are combined with force, motion and energy to create engineered solutions (ACTDEK043)

Elaborations
  • explaining the way common machines combine properties of materials and force, motion and energy in, for example, cranes on building sites
  • examining and explaining the interaction between material properties and function of a common system, such as car brakes
  • analysing the relationship between materials of properties, forces and safety in engineered systems such as bridges
  • critiquing the effectiveness of the combinations of materials, forces, energy and motion in an engineered system such as a 3D printer
  • calculating forces, reactions and loads in structures
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Motion,  Materials,  Mechanical engineering,  Electromagnetism

Teacher resource

Engineering Ups and Downs

The Engineering Ups and Downs lesson and supporting student resources explore the engineering and principles behind working elevators. Student teams explore the history of elevators, their design, and develop their own working elevator using wheels, pulleys, string, cardboard and other materials. Student teams design their ...

Collection

A robot future

Have you ever met a robot? Visit the National Museum of Australia and you could meet Kasparov and Chesster, the robotic tour guides. They work using patented WiFi technology developed right here in Australia by the CSIRO. Let's explore the impact of robots and other WiFi innovations in science and in our lives today.

Teacher resource

Exploring the production and marketing of seafood

This is a teacher resource containing a series of inquiry teaching sequences relating to seafood production and marketing in Australia. It contains material to assist planning, implementing and assessing a research task about the technologies and methods used in the fishing and aquaculture industries to catch and farm seafood, ...

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Rocket aerodynamics

Rocket aerodynamics is the study of how air flows over a rocket and how this affects design, drag and stability. This article looks at the design of a rocket and the purpose of the features of it.

Moving Image

What makes these paper planes fly?

Have you ever wondered what makes a paper plane fly? Think about the design of the paper plane as well as external factors like the various forces that are at play, then make a list of the design considerations and a list of the different forces.

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International year of natural fibres

This is a digital resource containing information, videos and images that highlight natural fibres. It looks at the uses of a range of plant and animal fibres such as flax, jute, silk and cashmere, and considers characteristics, production and sustainability. The resource profiles 15 of the world's major fibres, and contains ...

Teacher resource

Working with wind energy

This activity explores the growing use of wind energy to generate or augment energy in businesses and homes worldwide. Students work in teams to design and build their own windmill out of everyday items which they select and purchase with a budget. They test their windmill, evaluate their results, and present reflections ...

Moving Image

Investigating key Australian approaches to producing cotton, timber and wool: producer video

This is a video about short wool sheep breeds and how their wool is used at the MiniJumbuck factory at Narracorte South Australia to make quilts, underlays and pillows. Sheep are seen on farms as merino sheep producer Thyne McGregor and Southdown breeder Dee Nolan discuss the strengths of each type of wool and how each ...

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Cotton Australia photo library

This is a library of freely reusable photos and videos of the modern Australian cotton industry. Photos and videos are of the farms, practices, crop and the technology used to grow and process the cotton crop. They include the plant at various stages, flowers, bolls, farm machinery like pickers and seeders, bales and cotton gins.

Teacher resource

Critical load

This lesson focuses on issues civil engineers face when designing a structure. The activity explores some concepts of structural engineering and how to measure the critical load, or the maximum weight a structure can bear. Students learn about basic structures, how to reinforce, materials selection, and working as a team, ...

Interactive Resource

The Orb

The Orb is a collection of multimedia learning resources about Tasmanian Aboriginal histories and cultures. It explores the interconnections between people, Country, culture, identity, and the living community. The multimedia resources have between three and five sections in which Tasmanian Aboriginal people share their ...

Moving Image

Forest Learning: Going Bush - Residue from the one tree goes to make fine copy paper

This is a video about how the top sections of a Victorian Mountain Ash tree and its sawdust are used to make white office paper and generate electricity at the Australian Paper mill at Maryvale, Victoria. The two presenters of the 'Going bush' series are shown discussing the value-adding process with Kevin Piercy, Wood ...

Interactive Resource

Wing loading

Wing loading is a measurement that relates the mass of an aircraft or bird to the total wing area. This resource provides an interactive for students to compare flight capabilities of planes with birds, matching those that are the most similar.

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Cotton Education Kit

This richly illustrated kit provides a range of information and data about the Australian cotton industry. Chapters provide background on the modern industry; sustainability; the history of cotton in Australia; the cotton plant; how cotton is grown; the business of cotton farming; cotton processing, cotton as a economic ...

Teacher resource

Keeping it cool

How do you prevent a spacecraft designed to orbit the sun from getting too hot? This engineering challenge invites students to design, make and test a capsule to stop chocolate from melting in a high temperature environment.

Moving Image

Forest Learning: Going bush - innovative ways of keeping the home fires burning

This is a video about how Forestry Tasmania plans to innovate and add value to its business, mostly by using sawdust waste to make wood pellets for heating. The Going Bush presenters are shown examining the pellets and discussing their use and manufacture with Rob Douglas of Pellet Fires Tasmania and Doug Massey of Forestry ...

Moving Image

Smart Water - Precision Irrigation: video

This is a video (5:08 min) about the importance of water to a fully-irrigated 1600ha farming and wine-producing enterprise on the banks of the Murray River and the effectiveness of its fully automated irrigation system. The enterprise is Andrew Peace Wines and the system was developed by WiSA. The video iillustrates viticulture ...