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Design and technologies / Year 9 and 10 / Design and Technologies Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Investigate and make judgments on how the characteristics and properties of materials, systems, components, tools and equipment can be combined to create designed solutions (ACTDEK046)

Elaborations
  • critiquing the design of an existing product to identify environmental consequences of material selection
  • justifying decisions when selecting from a broad range of technologies − materials, systems, components, tools and equipment, for example selecting low-emission paints and locally sourced materials
  • analysing and explaining the ways in which the properties and characteristics of materials have been considered in the design of a product with specific requirements such as reduced weight to reduce transport costs in rural Australia
  • investigating emerging materials and their impact on design decisions
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • ICT capability Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capability
ScOT terms

Materials,  Fibres (Materials),  Engineering,  Tools,  Deductive reasoning

Video

Biofuels – From Sorghum to Ethanol (video)

This is a video [6:05 min] about the production of ethanol from sorghum at the Dalby Bio-Refinery in Queensland. The video describes and illustrates the stages in the production process including milling the sorghum into ‘flour’; mixing the flour with water to hydrolyse the starch; adding enzymes to liquefy the starch (the ...

Video

Reverse engineering

This series of short videos from Khan Academy deconstruct and explain the way household items are designed and how they work including a digital alarm clock radio, a coffee maker, a tap light (a toggle switch light), a hair dryer, a DVD player, a universal remote and a digital camera.

Interactive

Wing loading

Wing loading is a measurement that relates the mass of an aircraft or bird to the total wing area. This resource provides an interactive for students to compare flight capabilities of planes with birds, matching those that are the most similar.

Video

How do solar panels work?

The Earth intercepts a lot of solar power: 173,000 terawatts. That’s 10,000 times more power than the planet’s population uses. So is it possible that one day the world could be completely reliant on solar energy? Richard Komp examines how solar panels convert solar energy to electrical energy. This TedEd animation (4:58 ...

Video

Indigenous bags and textiles

Have you ever wondered why your bags are made from certain materials? There are many factors involved, including usage and availability of material. In this video, learn what the Kun-maj (small fishing bag) is made of and how it is made. Why is it strung together rather than woven? How is it different from Yvonne Koolmatrie’s ...

Video

Indigenous watercrafts

Did you know that many different types of watercrafts were used by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities? Watercrafts varied in design, size and materials. Learn about two specific examples: the Ningher and the nawi. Why do you think the people from lutruwita and the Eora nation had such different watercrafts? ...

Video

Boats made from different materials

See how boats can be made from wood, fibreglass and aluminium. Watch film of some Aboriginal men making a bark canoe. See how a special mould is used to make boats made from fibreglass. Find out why aluminium is a useful metal for making boats.

Video

Choosing the location for a video interview

How do you decide what's a good location for a video interview? Catherine Marciniak and Benj Binks from ABC Open have some useful information to help you make your choice. This clip is one of eight on making a mini-documentary.

Video

Digital Careers: Artist and designer

Have you ever made jewellery? How about jewellery that incorporates cutting-edge nanotechnology? Leah Heiss is an artist and designer. Her beautiful work brings the worlds of art, design and science together. Leah has created biosignal sensing jewellery, swallowable devices to detect gas fluctuations within your body, and ...

Video

How to become a NASA engineer

Do you know what you want to be when you grow up? Debora Fairbrother, a NASA engineer, didn't know what career path she was on. Watch this clip as she talks about the importance of education and of following your passion.

Video

Tracking heatwaves in Australia

A database tracking the last 60 or so years of heatwaves shows that they are getting longer, more frequent and more intense in Australia. In this clip, climate scientist Dr Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick explains how and why. Overall, she describes that the biggest increase has been in the frequency of heatwaves in Australia, ...

Video

From chocolate buttons to magic patterns

Want to do a simple science experiment that works just like a magic trick? Watch the Surfing Scientist to find out how. He creates a pattern made up of regular shapes by dissolving coated chocolate buttons.

Video

Recycling whole buildings

You probably recycle bottles, cans and paper at home, but imagine recycling whole buildings that have outlived their usefulness. Explore how doing this can save a huge amount of energy, prevent unnecessary carbon dioxide emissions and address landfill issues.

Video

Three Gorges Dam: hydro-electricity as a choice

China has built the massive Three Gorges Dam to provide hydro-electricity. The dam provides power without the harmful emissions produced by burning coal. But are there other costs? Hear from a Chinese professor whose opposition to the dam has waned, but who calls for careful attention to the problems that this dam has created ...

Video

Engineering clean rivers

Figuring out how to clean up contaminated rivers is a big challenge. It's also tricky to work out where the most contaminated parts of a river system are and whether its fish are safe to eat. Watch this video and learn how engineering has helped to solve these problems. Why do you think engineers looked to the bottom of ...

Video

Tassie be dammed: raising environmental concerns

In response to prolonged periods of drought, the Tasmanian Government embarked on a plan to 'drought-proof' Tasmania. With the state's government planning to build more dams and increase the area of irrigated farmland, environmental groups have raised concerns about the wider impacts of such action.

Video

Biomimicry robots

When you think of a robot, what do you imagine? 'Biomimicry' aims to create robots that are more like forms we find in nature - flexible and pliant, which bend rather than break when confronted with an immovable object. What are the benefits of a robot like this?

Image

Sextant - Troughton, c1820

This is a brass pillar-frame sextant with inset silver/platinum scale, made by Troughton of London, circa 1820, with serial number 940. The sextant is housed in a fitted wooden box and has two interchangeable eyepieces and two sets of coloured filters. It is graduated to 145 degrees. Its arm has a silver vernier and a microscope. ...

Text

Envirostories: the new farm

This is an ebook relating the story of how Farmer Frank follows the advice of his children Polly and Fin to select environmentally friendly fertilisers and use only the prescribed amount on the cotton crop at their new farm. Intended for a lower primary school audience and including colourful children's illustrations, the ...

Video

How to grow a pair of jeans

This is a slideshow for primary students that traces the steps in cotton production and processing from seeds to jeans. The ten slides in the show use photographs and relatively simple text to cover ground preparation for the cotton crop; seed planting; irrigation and the efficient use of water by Australian cotton farmers; ...