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Design and technologies / Year 9 and 10 / Design and Technologies Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Investigate and make judgments on how the characteristics and properties of materials, systems, components, tools and equipment can be combined to create designed solutions (ACTDEK046)

Elaborations
  • critiquing the design of an existing product to identify environmental consequences of material selection
  • justifying decisions when selecting from a broad range of technologies − materials, systems, components, tools and equipment, for example selecting low-emission paints and locally sourced materials
  • analysing and explaining the ways in which the properties and characteristics of materials have been considered in the design of a product with specific requirements such as reduced weight to reduce transport costs in rural Australia
  • investigating emerging materials and their impact on design decisions
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • ICT capability Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capability
ScOT terms

Materials,  Fibres (Materials),  Engineering,  Tools,  Deductive reasoning

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How do solar panels work?

The Earth intercepts a lot of solar power: 173,000 terawatts. That’s 10,000 times more power than the planet’s population uses. So is it possible that one day the world could be completely reliant on solar energy? Richard Komp examines how solar panels convert solar energy to electrical energy. This TedEd animation (4:58 ...

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Salmon Growing in Tasmania: video

This is a video [5:52 min] about large scale farming salmon at Huon Aquaculture in southern Tasmania. It illustrates the the operation of the aquaculture business, its infrastructure, the salmon life cycle and the efficiency levels of salmon production gained. The commentary initially focuses on the importance of aquaculture ...

Interactive Resource

Wing loading

Wing loading is a measurement that relates the mass of an aircraft or bird to the total wing area. This resource provides an interactive for students to compare flight capabilities of planes with birds, matching those that are the most similar.

Teacher resource

Salmon Growing in Tasmania

This is a unit of work on aquaculture with a particular focus on the Tasmanian salmon farming industry. The unit provides a series of structured investigations leading to a design challenge which asks students to create an improved salmon pen. Activities include: an introduction to aquaculture and sustainable farming methods; ...

Interactive Resource

Thermal comfort – sustainability action process (Years 7–10)

This thermal comfort learning resource will guide students through an extended school based investigation. Students will develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and reflect on their success and their learning.

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Reverse engineering

This series of short videos from Khan Academy deconstruct and explain the way household items are designed and how they work including a digital alarm clock radio, a coffee maker, a tap light (a toggle switch light), a hair dryer, a DVD player, a universal remote and a digital camera.

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Biofuels – From Sorghum to Ethanol (video)

This is a video [6:05 min] about the production of ethanol from sorghum at the Dalby Bio-Refinery in Queensland. The video describes and illustrates the stages in the production process including milling the sorghum into ‘flour’; mixing the flour with water to hydrolyse the starch; adding enzymes to liquefy the starch (the ...

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Discover Natural Fibres Initiative

This is a digital resource containing information, videos and images that highlight natural fibres. It looks at the uses of a range of plant and animal fibres such as flax, jute, silk and cashmere, and considers characteristics, production and sustainability. The resource profiles 15 of the world's major fibres, and contains ...

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Investigating key Australian approaches to producing cotton, timber and wool: producer video

This is a video about short wool sheep breeds and how their wool is used at the MiniJumbuck factory at Narracorte South Australia to make quilts, underlays and pillows. Sheep are seen on farms as merino sheep producer Thyne McGregor and Southdown breeder Dee Nolan discuss the strengths of each type of wool and how each ...

Interactive Resource

The Orb

The Orb is a collection of multimedia learning resources about Tasmanian Aboriginal histories and cultures. It explores the interconnections between people, Country, culture, identity, and the living community. The multimedia resources have between three and five sections in which Tasmanian Aboriginal people share their ...

Teacher resource

Green packaging lesson

This lesson plan engages students in finding ways to reduce plastic waste in food packaging. Students investigate problems created by plastic waste then observe ways these issues are being addressed. They design new packaging for food items that currently produce excessive waste then test their designs objectively. The ...

Teacher resource

Working with wind energy

This activity explores the growing use of wind energy to generate or augment energy in businesses and homes worldwide. Students work in teams to design and build their own windmill out of everyday items which they select and purchase with a budget. They test their windmill, evaluate their results, and present reflections ...

Teacher resource

Collisions and biomechanics lesson

This lesson plan investigates ways in which automobile manufacturers seek to reduce injuries that occur in car accidents. Students note the effects of car accidents on human bodies, the factors that influence the type and severity of injuries, and the safety ratings of vehicles in which they travel regularly. The resource ...

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Cotton Australia photo library

This is a library of freely reusable photos and videos of the modern Australian cotton industry. Photos and videos are of the farms, practices, crop and the technology used to grow and process the cotton crop. They include the plant at various stages, flowers, bolls, farm machinery like pickers and seeders, bales and cotton gins.

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Making games with Benjamin

Find out why teenage game-maker Benjamin started coding. What is his advice for new game-makers? Why is Benjamin excited about the possibilities that virtual reality (VR) offers for gaming? If you don't know much about VR do some research online. Think about how it will change the playing and creation of games.

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What makes these paper planes fly?

Have you ever wondered what makes a paper plane fly? Think about the design of the paper plane as well as external factors like the various forces that are at play, then make a list of the design considerations and a list of the different forces.

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Cotton Education Kit

This richly illustrated kit provides a range of information and data about the Australian cotton industry. Chapters provide background on the modern industry; sustainability; the history of cotton in Australia; the cotton plant; how cotton is grown; the business of cotton farming; cotton processing, cotton as a economic ...

Teacher resource

Biomimicry in engineering

Students explore how engineers have incorporated systems, materials, and methods from nature into man made products, materials, and methods found in all industries. Students look to natural examples to create on paper a structure or system that would support people living on the moon. They consider patenting options and ...

Teacher resource

Engineering Ups and Downs

The Engineering Ups and Downs lesson and supporting student resources explore the engineering and principles behind working elevators. Student teams explore the history of elevators, their design, and develop their own working elevator using wheels, pulleys, string, cardboard and other materials. Student teams design their ...

Teacher resource

Breeding a sustainable future

This is a unit of work that focuses on improvements in livestock and crop production brought about by agricultural practice, scientific research and technology. The unit is organised around six learning experiences that include investigating how agricultural products have developed over time; identifying the role of technology ...