Design and technologies / Year 9 and 10 / Design and Technologies Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Investigate and make judgments on how the characteristics and properties of materials, systems, components, tools and equipment can be combined to create designed solutions (ACTDEK046)

Elaborations
  • critiquing the design of an existing product to identify environmental consequences of material selection
  • justifying decisions when selecting from a broad range of technologies − materials, systems, components, tools and equipment, for example selecting low-emission paints and locally sourced materials
  • analysing and explaining the ways in which the properties and characteristics of materials have been considered in the design of a product with specific requirements such as reduced weight to reduce transport costs in rural Australia
  • investigating emerging materials and their impact on design decisions
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • ICT capability Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capability
ScOT terms

Materials,  Fibres (Materials),  Engineering,  Tools,  Deductive reasoning

Video

Biofuels – From Sorghum to Ethanol (video)

This is a video [6:05 min] about the production of ethanol from sorghum at the Dalby Bio-Refinery in Queensland. The video describes and illustrates the stages in the production process including milling the sorghum into ‘flour’; mixing the flour with water to hydrolyse the starch; adding enzymes to liquefy the starch (the ...

Video

Reverse engineering

This series of short videos from Khan Academy deconstruct and explain the way household items are designed and how they work including a digital alarm clock radio, a coffee maker, a tap light (a toggle switch light), a hair dryer, a DVD player, a universal remote and a digital camera.

Video

How do solar panels work?

The Earth intercepts a lot of solar power: 173,000 terawatts. That’s 10,000 times more power than the planet’s population uses. So is it possible that one day the world could be completely reliant on solar energy? Richard Komp examines how solar panels convert solar energy to electrical energy. This TedEd animation (4:58 ...

Interactive

Wing loading

Wing loading is a measurement that relates the mass of an aircraft or bird to the total wing area. This resource provides an interactive for students to compare flight capabilities of planes with birds, matching those that are the most similar.

Online

Salmon Growing in Tasmania

This is a unit of work on aquaculture with a particular focus on the Tasmanian salmon farming industry. The unit provides a series of structured investigations leading to a design challenge which asks students to create an improved salmon pen. Activities include: an introduction to aquaculture and sustainable farming methods; ...

Video

Salmon Growing in Tasmania: video

This is a video [5:52 min] about large scale farming salmon at Huon Aquaculture in southern Tasmania. It illustrates the the operation of the aquaculture business, its infrastructure, the salmon life cycle and the efficiency levels of salmon production gained. The commentary initially focuses on the importance of aquaculture ...

Interactive

Thermal comfort – sustainability action process (Years 7–10)

This thermal comfort learning resource will guide students through an extended school based investigation. Students will develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and reflect on their success and their learning.

Online

Collisions and biomechanics lesson

This lesson plan investigates ways in which automobile manufacturers seek to reduce injuries that occur in car accidents. Students note the effects of car accidents on human bodies, the factors that influence the type and severity of injuries, and the safety ratings of vehicles in which they travel regularly. The resource ...

Text

Rocket aerodynamics

Rocket aerodynamics is the study of how air flows over a rocket and how this affects design, drag and stability. This article looks at the design of a rocket and the purpose of the features of it.

Interactive

The Orb

The Orb is a collection of multimedia learning resources about Tasmanian Aboriginal histories and cultures. It explores the interconnections between people, Country, culture, identity, and the living community. The multimedia resources have between three and five sections in which Tasmanian Aboriginal people share their ...

Online

Working with wind energy

This activity explores the growing use of wind energy to generate or augment energy in businesses and homes worldwide. Students work in teams to design and build their own windmill out of everyday items which they select and purchase with a budget. They test their windmill, evaluate their results, and present reflections ...

Image

Cotton Australia photo library

This is a library of freely reusable photos and videos of the modern Australian cotton industry. Photos and videos are of the farms, practices, crop and the technology used to grow and process the cotton crop. They include the plant at various stages, flowers, bolls, farm machinery like pickers and seeders, bales and cotton gins.

Online

Green packaging lesson

This lesson plan engages students in finding ways to reduce plastic waste in food packaging. Students investigate problems created by plastic waste then observe ways these issues are being addressed. They design new packaging for food items that currently produce excessive waste then test their designs objectively. The ...

Online

Critical load

This lesson focuses on issues civil engineers face when designing a structure. The activity explores some concepts of structural engineering and how to measure the critical load, or the maximum weight a structure can bear. Students learn about basic structures, how to reinforce, materials selection, and working as a team, ...

Online

How the Rubber Meets the Road

Lesson focuses on how engineers design tyre treads to increase safety and reliability. Students are presented with the challenge of designing a new tyre tread that will be safe when driving in rainy conditions. Student teams will design and construct a sample tread out of clay, then test and evaluate the effectiveness of ...

Text

Forest Learning: Value-adding to wood

This is a resource about value-adding in the forest and wood products industry. Intended for use as one or two lessons for years 7 to 10 students, the resource consists of information about grading and processing logs; the use of wood and timber products in building construction; the value of Australian softwood plantations ...

Video

Investigating technologies in agriculture: producer video

This is a video about how facial tissues, kitchen towels and toilet paper are made at Kimberley-Clark's South Australian mill. Mill Manager Scott Wicker describes how the mill takes base wood pulp and turns it into finished products. He outlines the differences between long and short wood pulp fibres and where they are ...

Online

Exploring the production and marketing of seafood

This is a teacher resource containing a series of inquiry teaching sequences relating to seafood production and marketing in Australia. It contains material to assist planning, implementing and assessing a research task about the technologies and methods used in the fishing and aquaculture industries to catch and farm seafood, ...

Video

Smart Water - Precision Irrigation: video

This is a video (5:08 min) about the importance of water to a fully-irrigated 1600ha farming and wine-producing enterprise on the banks of the Murray River and the effectiveness of its fully automated irrigation system. The enterprise is Andrew Peace Wines and the system was developed by WiSA. The video iillustrates viticulture ...

Online

Engineer a dam

The "Engineer a Dam" activity and supporting student resources explore the function and engineering of dams and how they have many uses and solve many problems in the world. Students work in teams to engineer their own am structure in a classroom water trough that has the ability to release water in a controlled manner, ...