Design and technologies / Year 7 and 8 / Design and Technologies Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Analyse ways to produce designed solutions through selecting and combining characteristics and properties of materials, systems, components, tools and equipment (ACTDEK034)

Elaborations
  • investigating aspects of technologies specialisations, for example in architecture, critiquing the design of an existing building to identify features of passive design or in fashion, evaluating the sustainability of different fibres
  • investigating and selecting from a broad range of technologies − materials, systems, components, tools and equipment − when designing for a range of technologies contexts
  • considering the ways in which the characteristics and properties of technologies will impact on designed solutions, for example the choice of building materials and housing design in Australia and the countries of Asia; the properties of textile fibres and fabrics determine end use
  • considering safe work practices, for example producing a safety information video that details risk management practices for using a piece of equipment in the classroom or within a community
  • evaluating products and services for the individual and the community considering ethics and social factors, for example a short video encouraging individuals to increase their use of public transport in the local area
  • evaluating environments that have been designed in consultation with community groups, for example a bush tucker community garden developed in consultation with local Elders
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • ICT capability Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capability
ScOT terms

Materials,  Fibres (Materials),  Engineering,  Tools

Video

Different paper plane designs

How many different paper plane designs are there? Lots! Watch as Dylan Parker, paper plane expert, demonstrates some of his favourites. Notice the way the different shapes and features of the planes cause them to move through the air in different ways. Which one do you like the most? Why not have a go at making something similar?

Video

Working with wind power

A wind tunnel is a large tube with wind moving through it. Watch this video to find out about the various applications of a wind tunnel and how new technologies are impacting developments in alternative energy.

Video

How to design and build a robot in six weeks!

Evan, a mechanical mentor for FIRST Robotic Competition's 3132 'Thunder Down Under', outlines the processes involved in designing, building and testing a robot in six weeks. What influences the team in their design and building processes? Can you think of anything else that might influence the design and build of the robot ...

Video

Growing carbon nanotubes

Carbon nanotubes are a very tiny but super strong material used in manufacturing to create strong, lightweight products. Besides sporting equipment, find out what other kinds of products are made using these tiny molecules. What other qualities (besides size and strength) do carbon nanotubes have that makes them even more ...

Video

Know your robotics materials

Sean, a robotics mentor for FIRST Robotic Competition's 3132 'Thunder Down Under', worked on the robot's intake system which allows it to take in the 'boulder', or the ball, so it can then shoot into the high goal or the low goal. What were some of the challenges he faced in designing and building this feature?

Online

Critical load

This lesson focuses on issues civil engineers face when designing a structure. The activity explores some concepts of structural engineering and how to measure the critical load, or the maximum weight a structure can bear. Students learn about basic structures, how to reinforce, materials selection, and working as a team, ...

Video

Robot wars!

At the Robotics and Electronics Club of James Cook University, electronics enthusiasts have created robot vehicles to challenge for the smash 'em up drag race title. Witness these robots in action around a circuit, and listen as the club president describes the activity's purpose. Discover some everyday applications of ...

Video

Patterns for personalising your clothes

If you use paper patterns to make clothes that fit your body size and shape correctly, you get the added advantage of a unique garment that you won't see others wearing. See how to make a garment by downloading patterns from the internet and using them as a template for the fabric you have chosen.

Video

Different types of telescopes

You can find both refracting and reflecting telescopes at Sydney Observatory. How are they different in the way they work and look? What can you find in nature that is like a telescope? Which type of telescope is it like?

Video

Shining the light on a more sustainable globe

Artificial lighting methods have changed with the invention of new lighting technologies designed to be more energy efficient and to reduce the use of resources. Since electricity has been used as an energy source, incandescent and fluorescent globes and, more recently, light emitting diodes (LEDs) have been used in our ...

Video

What is a joggobot?

Robots have traditionally been used to perform tasks that humans don't want to or cannot do. In recent years, however, robot technology has looked at robots as companions. How do you feel about this? Do you think robots could ever replace human or even animal companionship? Why/why not?

Video

Engineering clean rivers

Figuring out how to clean up contaminated rivers is a big challenge. It's also tricky to work out where the most contaminated parts of a river system are and whether its fish are safe to eat. Watch this video and learn how engineering has helped to solve these problems. Why do you think engineers looked to the bottom of ...

Video

Precision Sheep Management: video

This is a video (4:09 min) about the University of New England’s Kirby Research Station and how its work with sheep has been transformed by technology, particularly the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag. The video is presented by members of the Enhanced sheep wellbeing and productivity research program and includes ...

Interactive

Wing loading

Wing loading is a measurement that relates the mass of an aircraft or bird to the total wing area. This resource provides an interactive for students to compare flight capabilities of planes with birds, matching those that are the most similar.

Online

Perfect pylons

In this engineering challenge, students are asked to apply their knowledge of materials, forces and structures, build model electrical pylons and test to see how strong their models are.

Video

How to create a robot from recycled parts

Have you ever wanted to try your hands at robotics but thought it might be too costly? Never fear - you can create robots out of recycled materials! Find out what kind of materials you might need to create a robot capable of movement and speech. Do you think you will be able to find these materials in recycling centres? ...

Video

Curious about how things work?

Are you interested in how things work? Ever wondered what the insides of an iron or a hairdryer or a radio look like? Instead of throwing your appliances out when they break, why don't you try taking them apart and investigating what they're made of. How do the various parts fit together? And what do you think they all do?

Video

Zero emission cities of the future

Can you imagine future cities designed to be self-sufficient and to incorporate innovative ways to use new materials and energy systems? Watch this animation to find out how the creation of zero emission cities involves some serious questions about possible social, economic, and political implications. Discover the role ...

Video

School robot rescue!

Could you create a robot for a dangerous rescue mission? As part of the Da Vinci Programme at Holy Cross College, students built and programmed their own robot to follow a line through obstacles and rescue a ‘casualty' at a simulated chemical spill.

Video

REV up electric cars

Imagine driving from Perth to Melbourne in an electric car! But what if there are no charging stations available or the batteries run down while you're driving? The REV project (2013) explored plug-in electric cars and how viable they are for future transport. Find out some of their pros and cons.