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Listed under:  Society  >  Culture  >  Cultural interaction  >  Acculturation  >  Assimilation

'The White Australia question' by E W Cole, 1903

This is the cover of a book titled 'The White Australia question', written by Edward William Cole and published by his business Cole's Book Arcade in 1903. It comprises approximately 132 thin paper pages, plus several thicker glossy pages with illustrations and photographs. The pages are bound between two thick boards covered ...


My Place - Episode 3: 1988: Lily, First day

Lily is taking her cousin, Phoung, to her school with her for the first time. Lily and her friends believe that Phoung can't speak English and they discuss what it means to be Australian.

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African American salary disparity, 1968

How does it feel to be paid less than another person doing the same job, because of the colour of your skin? During the 1960s, this was the plight of many professional African Americans who were not paid equally for doing the same work as their white counterparts. Listen to David Dinkins, a New York lawyer, share his experiences.

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African Americans and 'white man's welfare'

Examine the daily struggle faced by African Americans living in poverty in Harlem in the 1960s. Single mother Kitty Fernelle provides for herself and her three children with the help of welfare (social services payments) and the support of her local church. At the same time, activist African Americans are calling for black ...

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Harlem co-op supermarket, 1968

What would you do if you found out that you were being sold inferior groceries, at higher prices, just because of the colour of your skin? Harlem resident Cora Walker explains that this was the situation faced by members of Harlem's African American community in the late 1960s. See how the residents joined together to address ...

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Defending civil rights: an activist's perspective

What happens when the members of a society feel like they have no hope? This is the situation faced by members of Harlem's African American community in 1968, who find themselves in a cycle of poverty. Civil rights activists like Al Cook offer a solution to the problem: fight back.

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African Americans demand change, 1968

Imagine that, like many African Americans growing up before the sweeping changes in America in the 1960s, you cannot eat alongside white people, go to white schools, or even ride in the same part of a public bus, even though slavery was abolished more than a century before. This 1968 clip explores the experience of Mae ...

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The cycle of urban poverty in Harlem, 1968

What is the cycle of poverty and squalor? Walk with ABC TV's 'Four Corners' program film crew on the streets of Harlem in 1968 as they are taken on a tour of the predominantly African American neighbourhood. Understand the level of poverty and urban squalor that faced African Americans living in Harlem at this time.

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Generational change for Italian migrants

What would it be like to start life in a new country without much knowledge of the language or culture? The clip shows the strength of the cultural traditions that Onsonato Galluzzo and his wife brought with them from Italy. See how the older family members maintain their Italian heritage and the younger generation adapt ...

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African American disadvantage in the 1960s

Find out about the frustration and anger of African Americans and their experiences of racism in the 1960s. Discover what disadvantaged African Americans living in Harlem in 1968 had in common with African Americans living in the wealthy, advantaged suburbs.

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Preserving 'Norf'k Laengwij'

Imagine living on a tiny island thousands of kilometres from the Australian mainland. Would you feel like you were part of Australia? This is the dilemma for people living on Norfolk Island, an Australian territory in the Pacific Ocean. In the past, Norfolk Islanders were expected to learn English - but, as this clip from ...


Searchlight on Japan, c1948: '30 million Matsuno-sans'

This black-and-white clip taken from a propagandist film shows scenes of post-Second World War Japan and the Allied occupation. It opens with scenes of traditional Japanese ways of life still being practised and is accompanied by a narration that questions the effectiveness of the Allied program to introduce democracy to ...


Benny and the Dreamers, 1992: Desert economy

This clip presents an Indigenous view of Hermannsburg in central Australia, using 1930s black-and-white footage with original soundtrack and contemporary colour film with narration. Pintupi Elders Benny Tjapaljarri and Mick Ngamurarri recount their feelings about their first contact with the Hermannsburg Mission and Western ...


Benny and the Dreamers, 1992: Path to progress

The clip shows schooling at the Papunya settlement in the 1960s and Indigenous accounts of experiences at the school. In current-day interviews, Smithy Zimeran Tjampitjinpa and Yuyua Nampitjinpa talk about their memories of the school. The interviews are intercut with black-and-white footage of a teacher showing students ...


Green Tea and Cherry Ripe, 1989: Between Japan and Australia

This clip features Chiaki Foster, a Japanese 'war bride', reflecting on aspects of her life, intercut with interviews with her husband and daughter and scenes of her playing bingo. She and her husband speak with regret about the decision not to teach their children Japanese. Her daughter says that in the past her mother ...


The Golden West, 1940: Trans-Australian Railway

This silent clip shows the Trans-Australia Express and the Nullarbor Plain in 1940 and is part of a travelogue of a train journey made by Will Alma. It begins with shots of drivers and engineers making adjustments to two locomotives, followed by an image of a map on which a line is traced from Kalgoorlie to Port Pirie. ...


Loved Up - Endangered, 2005: 'This is a black country'

This clip shows Josie and Greg reflecting on marriage between Aboriginal people and the role it plays in the future of Indigenous peoples and their cultures. Josie and Greg speak directly to the camera and Greg is also seen walking along a street through an exhibition of historical and contemporary artworks representing ...


Couldn't Be Fairer, 1984: 'The Aboriginal problem'

This clip shows footage of three men being interviewed and expressing extreme racist views about Indigenous Australians. The interviewees are mining magnate 'Lang' Hancock, a town mayor and a spokesperson for the Queensland Graziers Association. Aboriginal activist Mick Miller, the writer and narrator of the film from which ...


'Migration in action' pamphlet, 1950s

This is a 12-page pamphlet, measuring 22.8 cm x 17.6 cm, produced by the Australian Government's Department of Information for the Department of Immigration in the early 1950s. In addition to the title, the cover features four horizontal rows of photographs. The first row depicts a family waving goodbye, the second immigrants ...


South Australia's first Greek settler, c1860

This is a sepia photograph of the first Greek settler in South Australia, George North, and his wife Lydia (nee Vosper). It shows a bearded George North dressed in a single-breasted jacket and trousers with his left hand against the chair in which Lydia is sitting. She is formally attired in a high-necked gown with an elaborate ...