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Listed under:  Science  >  Life  >  Evolution  >  Adaptation (Evolution)  >  Camouflage
Moving Image

Observing a goanna

Take a close look at the largest of Australia's lizards, the goanna. It is also called a monitor lizard. Observe (look carefully at) these scaly reptiles as Don Spencer describes their features.

Collection

Mini-beasts

This collection of 24 digital curriculum resources is organised into categories of insects, arachnids, centipedes and crustaceans, with descriptions of their sometimes bizarre body features and behaviours in a category titled body structure and adaptations. Colour photographs, scientific illustrations and close-up microscope ...

Image

Wall lizard catching saddle-backed bush-cricket

This colour image is a photograph of an adult wall lizard catching a green saddle-backed bush-cricket that is resting on a leafy stem. The lizard is a mottled greyish-brown with a darker line of brown flecks down its sides. The cricket is female, is mainly green and has a distinctive saddle behind its head.

Video

Animal weapons: blue-ringed octopus

This is a colour clip showing a blue-ringed octopus in an Australian marine habitat hunting for, killing and devouring crabs, its favourite prey. It is shown flashing its blue iridescent rings to warn predators that it possesses potentially lethal venom, as well as using camouflage to approach its prey undetected. The clip ...

Video

Animal weapons: reef stonefish

This is a colour clip showing how the reef stonefish ('Synanceia verrucosa') captures its prey. The reef stonefish uses camouflage to appear like an algae-encrusted rock or piece of coral. When unsuspecting fish come close enough the reef stonefish can lunge and engulf its prey in one-25th of a second. This is an energy-efficient ...

Image

Stonefish on rocks, 1946

This is a black-and-white photograph, taken in 1946, showing an estuary stonefish against an encrusted rocky background demonstrating its camouflage.

Image

Camouflaged pheasant coucal chicks, 1968

This is a black-and-white photograph of three chicks in their nest, titled 'Three hairy chicks of the Pheasant Coucal (Centropus phasianinus) lying in a nest amongst long grass, 1968'. The tiny chicks are camouflaged by the surrounding leaves and vegetation that have been used to build the nest.

Image

Female and male praying mantids

This is a black-and-white scientific illustration of a female (left) and a male (right) praying mantid ('Archimantis latistylus') showing characteristic body structures. A scale is included. (Classification - Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Insecta, Order: Mantodea, Family: Mantidae.)

Image

Native Botany Bay cockroach and introduced brown cockroach

This is a black-and-white scientific illustration of two cockroaches of different species, the Botany Bay or native bush cockroach ('Polyzosteria limbata') (left), and an introduced brown cockroach ('Periplaneta brunnea') (right). The native bush cockroach is wingless and is carrying an egg case (ootheca). The introduced ...

Image

Female spiny leaf insect on a leaf

This is a colour photograph of female spiny leaf insect ('Extatosoma tiaratum') resting on a leaf. (Classification - Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Hexapoda, Order: Phasmatodea, Family: Phasmatidae.)

Image

Hawk moth caterpillar

This is a colour photograph of a caterpillar of a hawk moth ('Hippotion scrofa') showing its bright colours, diagonal stripes and eye spots. (Classification - Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Hexapoda, Order: Lepidoptera, Family: Sphingidae.)

Image

Caterpillar of the orchard butterfly

This is a colour photograph of the caterpillar, or larva, of the orchard butterfly ('Papilio aegeus'), also known as the orchard swallowtail, showing the bright red, fleshy Y-shaped organ that appears from behind its head when it is disturbed. (Classification - Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Hexapoda, Order: Lepidoptera, Family: ...

Image

Pupa of a Richmond birdwing butterfly

This is a colour photograph of a pupa of a Richmond birdwing butterfly ('Ornithoptera richmondius') with some caterpillar spines still visible in the pupa case. (Classification - Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Hexapoda, Order: Lepidoptera, Family: Papilionidae.)

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Caterpillar of the Ulysses butterfly resting on a leaf

This is a colour photograph of a Ulysses butterfly caterpillar ('Papilio ulysses') resting on a leaf. (Classification - Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Hexapoda, Order: Lepidoptera, Family: Papilionidae.)

Image

Pupa of a Ulysses butterfly camouflaged as a leaf

This is a colour photograph of a pupa or chrysalis of a Ulysses butterfly ('Papilio ulysses') camouflaged as a leaf. (Classification - Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Hexapoda, Order: Lepidoptera, Family: Papilionidae.)

Image

Pupa of the Cairns birdwing butterfly

This is a colour photograph of the pupa of the Cairns birdwing butterfly ('Ornithoptera priamus') attached to an old, curling leaf, which it resembles. (Classification - Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Hexapoda, Order: Lepidoptera, Family: Papilionidae.)

Image

Green tree ants building a nest

This is a black-and-white illustration of green tree ants ('Oecophylla smaragdina') using silk from their larvae to build a nest. (Classification - Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Hexapoda, Order: Hymenoptera, Family: Formicidae.)

Image

A native cicada, the bladder cicada

This is a black-and-white scientific illustration of a native cicada ('Cystosoma saundersii') also known as the bladder cicada, showing wing venation. (Classification - Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Hexapoda, Order: Hemiptera, Family: Cicadidae.)

Image

Green tree ant

This is a colour photograph of a green tree ant ('Oecophylla smaragdina') showing its distinctive colouration. (Classification - Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Hexapoda, Order: Hymenoptera, Family: Formicidae.)

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Adult katydid

This is a colour photograph, probably taken at night, of an adult katydid at rest, showing its typical long antennae, long hind legs and leaflike shape. (Classification - Phylum: Arthropoda, Class: Hexapoda, Order: Orthoptera, Family: Tettigoniidae.)