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Audio

Townsville air raid, 1942

Australia has never been invaded. Nevertheless, isolated attacks on Australian soil have killed and injured hundreds of people, destroyed property, and made many people fearful of a large-scale invasion. In July 1942, Japanese aircraft attacked Townsville, Queensland, bombing the wharf and the surrounding area. This audio ...

Moving Image

End-of-war celebrations, Sydney, 1945

Have you ever wondered what the end of World War II meant to Australians in 1945? Discover what it was like for those on the streets of Sydney just an hour after the announcement that war in the Pacific was over. Listen to ABC reporter Talbot Duckmanton describe the scenes of jubilation as he broadcasts live from the ABC's ...

Moving Image

The changing roles of women on Anzac Day

How have the stories and observances of Anzac Day changed to include women alongside men? During World War I and the years that followed, women had little involvement in Anzac Day events. In some instances, they were deliberately excluded! This has changed dramatically in recent decades. In this clip, women and men from ...

Image

Sheet music cover for 'Australia draws her maiden sword', 1885

This is the damaged front cover of a three-page score for the song 'Australia Draws her Maiden Sword'. It depicts Australia as a maiden drawing her long sword and preparing for imminent conflict. Behind her, troops are shown marching out of their encampment. On the bottom of the cover in copperplate are the words 'WRITTEN ...

Video

Australian soldiers on board a troop ship, c1943

This is an excerpt from a silent black-and-white documentary showing footage of Australian soldiers embarking on a troop transport at Darwin in the Northern Territory, and scenes of the transport at sea. It was probably filmed in 1943.

Image

Gymnastics club with swastika carving, 1943

This is a wooden gymnastics club shaped rather like a softball bat. It is 43.5 cm long and the flatter sides have Nazi swastikas carved on them.

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'John Bull and Co', 1885

This black-and-sepia cartoon illustration shows a plump adolescent soldier, whose belt identifies him as 'Australia', standing beside 'John Bull' in a sailor's uniform with a facial expression that symbolises Britain's grim determination to resist all attacks. Together they face two forces, one a Russian military force ...

StillImage

Model of the Welcome Nugget, 1858-85

This is a plaster of Paris model of the Welcome Nugget, made between 1858 and 1885 by an unknown craftsman. It is painted gold and green and has a nobbly surface. The Welcome Nugget was found at Ballarat, Victoria, in 1858.

StillImage

Australian 'goldfields' brooch commissioned by Edward Austin, c1855

This is a rectangular rusticated wire framework brooch that features miniature copies of mining equipment. In the centre, a miner works a windlass and bucket above a sluice box. On either side is a crossed pick and shovel. The whole brooch is surrounded by a framework of leaves. It was made in about 1855.

StillImage

'Race to the gold diggings of Australia' board game, 1850-69

This is a 'Race to the gold diggings of Australia' board game made in England between 1850 and 1869. The game board is a hand-coloured lithograph mounted on linen. There is a printed rule card, six painted ship pieces with stands and a cardboard teetotum, all of which would have been stored in a wooden case with an illustrated ...

StillImage

'Ophir Bluff, where gold was first found in Australia', c1884-1917

This is a black-and-white photograph from a silver gelatin full-plate glass negative produced by the studio of Charles Kerry and Co, Sydney. It shows a river scene. In the background are people, a horsedrawn cart and two crude buildings. At the right, an area has been roughly fenced off. The image is titled 'Ophir Bluff, ...

StillImage

'Hydraulic sluicing', 1884-1917

This full plate glass negative was taken by Charles Kerry and Co at some stage between 1884 and 1917. It depicts a wide shot of a hillside with a hut and what appears to be a sluiceway. The caption, studio number and studio mark are inscribed on the reverse of the negative.

StillImage

Gold nugget replica - 'Opposum'

This is a replica of the 'Opposum' gold nugget, part of the Mineralogy Collections at Museum Victoria. Its dimensions are: 27.3 cm x 19.2 cm x 8.0 cm, and it weighs 9.53 kg.

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Gold nugget replica - 'The Boort'

This is a replica of 'The Boort' gold nugget, part of the Mineralogy Collections at Museum Victoria. Its dimensions are: 10.5 cm x 9.5 cm x 6 cm, and it weighs 1.73 kg.

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Gold nugget replica - 'The Kum Tow'

This is a replica of 'The Kum Tow' gold nugget, part of the Mineralogy Collections at Museum Victoria. Its dimensions are: 36.5 cm x 13.5 cm x 13 cm, and it weighs 22.54 kg.

StillImage

Female workers checking soldiers' letters, Kodak factory, c1939-45

This is a sepia photograph of female employees working at the Kodak factory in Abbotsford, Melbourne, during the Second World War. The staff members are sitting in rows at long desks and checking letters in the company's Recordak department. The letters had come from soldiers serving overseas. The photograph's dimensions ...

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Women cutting up letters at the Kodak factory, 1939-45

This is a sepia photograph of women cutting up microfilmed letters with guillotines in the processing laboratories at the Kodak factory in Abbotsford, Melbourne, during the Second World War. The letters had come from soldiers serving overseas. The women are sitting at long wooden desks and the letters are wound onto large ...

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Man digging air-raid shelter in backyard, Auburn, 1940s

This is a black-and-white photograph of a man using a shovel to dig an air-raid shelter in the backyard of a family house in Auburn, Melbourne, during the Second World War. The hole the man is working on is to be lined with wood. A wooden frame is constructed above the hole.

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Young Australian women and Canadian servicemen on an outing, 1944

This is a black-and-white photograph showing Sybil Oakes and her friends during a picnic outing with Canadian servicemen in Sassafras, in the hills outside Melbourne, in 1944. The three men, all in military uniform, are standing with the four young women on a bush track in front of a sign that reads 'Sassafras / Please ...

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Young women playing cards with a US serviceman, 1944

This is a black-and-white photograph showing Pauline Leibig, Norma Knox (nee Leibig) and some of their friends playing cards with a US serviceman in the dining room of the Leibig family home in the Melbourne suburb of West Preston in 1944.