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Listed under:  Science  >  Scientific inquiry  >  Data collection  >  Evidence
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Below Earth's crust

Imagine tunnelling deep, deep below the Earth's surface. What do you think you would find thousands of kilometres down? Watch this clip to find out what is inside the Earth, what it's made up of and how hot it is. Find out about earthquakes, volcanoes, and geysers, and how they help us to understand about the composition ...

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Volcanic eruptions at Mount Ruapehu

Imagine a volcano erupting kilometres away. You are afraid, worried for the safety of yourself and others. Paul Willis presents the work of New Zealand volcanologists conducting research at Mount Ruapehu, a volcano with a history of devastating lahar (water, sediment and rocks) flows. Learn more about lahar flows and the ...

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Teenage drinking in the 1970s

Do you think that Australian teenagers drink too much alcohol? If so, do you think this is a new problem? Discover what teenagers thought about such drinking back in the 1970s. This ABC program from 1977 looks at the issue of teenage drinking, some possible reasons for it and some of the social problems arising from it.

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Study English: formal writing

Formal writing is an important skill, not just for your time at school but also for when you enter the workforce. There are many ways you can improve the formality of your writing. Explore some of these strategies in the following clip.

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Franklin River campaign

How important is the environment in an election campaign? In this clip, explore the issue that changed Australia's conservation landscape forever: the fight to save the Franklin River. Watch how the Tasmanian Wilderness Society used political and media strategies to influence the outcome of the 1983 federal election in ...

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Defeat of the Inca Empire Conquistador

Imagine a thriving society: food is abundant, roads connect cities replete with gold and silver, and large and powerful armies protect the rulers of millions of citizens. In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers how such a successful society was subdued ...

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Life in a World War II commando company

Discover the hazards and the extreme hardships experienced by Australians fighting the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II. In this ABC Open report, World War II veteran Russell Blanch recalls some of his experiences while serving in an Australian commando company in the rugged mountains and dense jungles of New Guinea.

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The cost of the Iraq War

What are the real costs of war? Is military success all that matters when deciding whether the outcome of a war is successful? In March 2003, US President George W Bush sent military forces into Iraq to find and destroy reported weapons of mass destruction, and to end the regime of President Saddam Hussein. Although the ...

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Judgement and justification after the Iraq War

What are the consequences of human rights abuses in a time of war? In March 2003, the USA led a coalition of nations in a military campaign in Iraq. One of the main justifications for the war was the reported existence of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) but as the war progressed and no WMDs were found, suspicion about ...

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An ichthyosaur from the age of dinosaurs

Take a close look at a fossilised ichthyosaur skeleton with Maria Zammit, a PhD student from the University of Adelaide. Maria is studying the ichthyosaur and comparing it with dolphins and other living marine creatures to try to work out how it swam.

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Mysteries and marvels of Hinduism

Discover Hinduism, one of the world's most popular religions. Explore Hinduism's ancient origins and its continuing impact on the traditions, beliefs and daily lives of its followers. The majority of people in India and Nepal follow Hinduism. In the early twentieth century that was approximately 900 million people. This ...

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Why did people leave the Indus Valley?

Discover an ancient Indian civilisation that was excavated less than a century ago. This clip focuses on archaeological sources from the Indus Valley cities of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa and discusses theories about why these ancient cities were deserted around 1600 BCE. This clip is the last in a series of four.

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Hinduism in Tamil dynasties

How did Hinduism come to shape India? The ancient Hindu culture influenced Indian societies through the Middle Ages and into modern times. This clip from a 1965 episode of 'University of the Air' explores the influence of Hinduism on the Tamil dynasties of the Pallavas and Cholas in southern India. This is the last clip ...

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The Moghul emperors of India

Discover an empire so wealthy that its rulers could construct magnificent palaces with ceilings of silver and jewels set in their walls. In this half-hour video made in 1977, writer and presenter Keith Adam will guide you through the rich history of the last great empire in India before it lost territory to its Hindu neighbours ...

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Zoe Daniel's dangerous day job

The role of foreign correspondent is just one career in the field of journalism. It involves reporting from some of the most troubled places in the world, and can be both exciting and dangerous. Zoe Daniel met this challenge for over ten years, reporting from such far-flung places as Zimbabwe and Burma. Discover more about ...

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CSI: a job in criminology

Would you like to know what it is like to work in the field of criminology? In this clip, crime scene investigator Isabel Logan describes her job, including what she does, the equipment she uses and why she enjoys it. Watch this clip to find out how real-life CSI differs from the way it's portrayed on television shows.

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Meet the BFFs: four fundamental forces

We all know something about gravity, but what about the other fundamental forces of physics? Explore the properties of two familiar forces experienced in daily life, and of two less familiar ones. How do they interact, and what keeps everything from falling apart? This video was Kate Dent's entry into the 2013 Sleek Geeks ...

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Japan's shoguns keep everyone in their places

What was the status of each social class in shogunate Japan? During the period from around 1600 to 1868, Japan was a feudal society. As in medieval Europe, each group had its place in a strict social order. Watch this clip to discover the roles of each group during the age when the Tokugawa shoguns ruled the country. This ...

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Tokugawa shogunate is overthrown

How did Japan's Tokugawa shogunate come to an end? The entry of the US fleet into Tokyo Bay in 1853 and the events that followed exposed the shogunate's policy of isolation as a potential threat to the country. Western influence, and Japan's response to it, would have an enormous impact on the country's future. This clip ...

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Giving life to dead soils

Is it possible to reinvigorate degraded soils that struggle to grow crops? In this clip you'll see that it is. See how switching to biological farming has improved a farm. Could this new approach help unlock the potential of Australia's agricultural soils to grow quality crops?