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Video

Australian biography: Sir Marcus Oliphant, 1991

'Sir Marcus Oliphant' is an excerpt from the program 'Sir Marcus Oliphant' (26 min), an episode of 'Australian biography' series one (7 x 26 min), produced in 1991. The 'Australian biography' series profiles some of the most extraordinary Australians of our time. Many have had a major influence on the nation's cultural, ...

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Second atomic bombing of Japan at Nagasaki, 1945

This is a black-and-white photograph showing the mushroom cloud rising from the explosion of an atomic bomb with an estimated force of 20,000 tonnes of TNT, 560 m above Nagasaki, Japan, on 9 August 1945. Part of the wing of the camera plane that accompanied the bomb-carrying plane can be seen at bottom right. The image ...

Moving Image

1950s nuclear tests: Monte Bello Islands

Discover what happened when British nuclear tests were carried out on Australian territory at the Monte Bello Islands, just 70 kilometres off the Western Australian coast. In 1947, Britain began to develop its own nuclear weapons and in the early 1950s the Australian Liberal-Country Party government led by Robert Menzies ...

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Tragic consequences of Japan's modernisation

Japan went through a remarkable transformation between 1868 and the death of the Emperor Meiji in 1912. But Japan's modernisation was accompanied by its rise as an imperialist power, with tragic results. Watch this clip to learn about the consequences of Japan's dream of empire. This clip is last in a series of six.

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Surrender: the only option for the Son of Heaven

The Japanese surrender at the end of World War II was preceded by a heavy bombing campaign by the Allied forces, culminating in the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Germany had already surrendered, and with the devastation wrought on his country, it was inevitable that Japan's Emperor Hirohito would follow ...

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Building the atomic bomb

The use of atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki hastened the surrender of Japan, bringing World War II to an end. The bombs killed more than 100,000 people immediately, while thousands more died of starvation, disease and radioactive exposure in the ensuing months. This US newsreel footage from 1945 presents ...

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Defending White Australia against Japan, 1941

This is a typed extract from the transcript of a speech by Australian prime minister John Curtin to the House of Representatives on 16 December 1941, in which he declares that Australia will resist any Japanese invasion. Curtin states that Australia had been established for more than 150 years by British people with 'White ...

Video

Menzies' Wartime Tour, 1941: London, the Blitz

This clip shows scenes - filmed by Robert Menzies, Australia's prime minister at the time - of the night-time bombing of London during the Second World War, and scenes of damage in the city streets the next day. An intertitle, 'LONDON / THE BLITZ / APRIL 16TH. 1941', introduces a night-time scene of burning buildings. Another ...

Video

Green Tea and Cherry Ripe, 1989: The horrors of Hiroshima

This clip from 1989 shows Masako Clarke recounting her experience of seeing the atomic bomb exploding over Hiroshima as she was leaving the city on a train, and returning to the city a week later. As she talks about seeing survivors, the camera switches from her face to show close-up images of flowers, including dahlias ...

Collection

Use of the atomic bomb in World War II

This is a collection of seven digital curriculum resources about the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and its horrific aftermath. The collection is organised into three categories - images of the bombing; survivors' testimonies; and witnesses to the devastation. The collection includes archival footage, video footage of ...

Video

'Spitfires over Australia', 1943 - asset 1

This is a short excerpt from a segment about Spitfire fighters, in the black-and-white sound newsreel Cinesound Review, that was released to be shown in Australian cinemas on 12 March 1943. The clip begins with the opening title: 'Spitfires over Australia!' over a drawing of two flying Spitfire aircraft. It depicts aircraft ...

Video

'Spitfires over Australia', 1943 - asset 2

This is a short excerpt from a segment about Spitfire fighters in the edition of the black-and-white newsreel Cinesound Review that was released to be shown in Australian cinemas on 12 March 1943. The clip describes how Australia secured Spitfire aircraft during the Second World War to help in its war effort in the Pacific. ...

Video

'Spitfires over Australia', 1943 - asset 3

This is a short excerpt from a segment about Spitfire fighters in the edition of the black-and-white newsreel Cinesound Review that was released to be shown in Australian cinemas on 12 March 1943. The whole segment describes how Australia secured Spitfire aircraft during the Second World War to help its war effort in the ...

Video

'Spitfires over Australia', 1943 - asset 4

This is a short excerpt from a segment about Spitfire fighters in the edition of the black-and-white newsreel Cinesound Review that was released to be shown in Australian cinemas on 12 March 1943. The whole segment describes how Australia secured Spitfire aircraft during the Second World War to help its war effort in the ...

Video

'Spitfires over Australia', 1943 - asset 6

This is an excerpt from a segment about Spitfire fighters in the edition of the black-and-white newsreel Cinesound Review that was released to be shown in Australian cinemas on 12 March 1943. The whole segment describes how Australia secured Spitfire aircraft during the Second World War to help its war effort in the Pacific. ...

Video

'Spitfires over Australia', 1943 - asset 7

This is an excerpt from a segment about Spitfire fighters in the edition of the black-and-white newsreel Cinesound Review that was released to be shown in Australian cinemas on 12 March 1943. The whole segment describes how Australia secured Spitfire aircraft during the Second World War to help its war effort in the Pacific. ...

Video

'While there is still time', 1943 - part 8 of 11

This is an excerpt taken from a dramatised 1943 black-and-white war propaganda film titled 'While there is still time', which was made to persuade Australians at home to work and save for the war effort. This excerpt shows a group of Australian soldiers in a war trench in Libya. One of them is Jim, the boyfriend of the ...

Video

'While there is still time', 1943 - part 9 of 11

This is an excerpt taken from a dramatised 1943 black-and-white war propaganda film titled 'While there is still time', which was made to persuade Australians at home to work and save for the war effort. This excerpt shows a trench in Libya. One soldier, Larry, reads a letter to the injured Jim from Jim's girlfriend, Gracie ...

Video

'While there is still time', 1943 - part 10 of 11

This is an excerpt taken from a dramatised 1943 black-and-white war propaganda film titled 'While there is still time', which was made to persuade Australians at home to work and save for the war effort. This excerpt shows the main character, Gracie Mason, reading a letter from her boyfriend Jim, an Australian soldier stationed ...

Video

'While there is still time', 1943 - part 11 of 11

This is an excerpt taken from a dramatised 1943 black-and-white war propaganda film titled 'While there is still time', which was made to encourage Australians at home to work and save for the war effort. This excerpt shows Jim, a blinded soldier, in a trench delivering an impassioned plea to the audience to save for the ...