Science / Year 8 / Science Understanding / Chemical sciences

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Curriculum content descriptions

Chemical change involves substances reacting to form new substances (ACSSU225)

Elaborations
  • identifying the differences between chemical and physical changes
  • identifying evidence that a chemical change has taken place
  • investigating simple reactions such as combining elements to make a compound
  • recognising that the chemical properties of a substance, for example its flammability and ability to corrode, will affect its use
ScOT terms

Chemical reactions,  Molecular structure

Interactive

Oresome world

This interactive resource takes students on a journey of discovery in the energy and mining world. Oresome world contains five games or modules: Coal, Energy, Gas, Low emissions and Mining, and within each of these there are several facilities to explore, such as the Underground mining site, Hydroelectric power station, ...

Interactive

experiMENTALS: Energy in soft drinks

This resource contains information about how to calculate the amount of sugar and number of kilojoules in soft drink and fruit juices and brief explanation for students the effect of consuming too much sugar.

Interactive

experiMENTALS: Bubble 07 diversion grenades

This resource contains a materials and instruction list and brief explanation for students about the process of carrying out a chemical reaction between bicarbonate of soda and vinegar.

Video

Solar Prints

This 6 minute video segment from Catalyst is an excellent introduction to the science behind photovoltaics. A useful comparison of the efficiency of energy conversion. Discussion of other issues considered in producing devices to use renewable energy to make electricity.

Interactive

experiMENTALS: Relightable candle

This resource contains a materials and instruction list and brief explanation for students about the process of relighting a candle. This activity is most likely to be done as a teacher demonstration for safety and classroom management reasons, particularly at primary school level. Do this experiment to learn how a candle ...

Interactive

experiMENTALS: Magic rocking candle

This resource contains a materials and instruction list and brief explanation for students about the process of burning both ends of a balancing candle. This activity is most likely to be done as a teacher demonstration for safety and classroom management reasons, particularly at primary school level.

Interactive

Comparing Respiration and Burning

Students use this resource consisting of five slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to understand the differences between aerobic respiration and burning. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Interactive

DIY Lava Lamp

This resource contains lessons plans containing instructions and teachers' notes for an activity based on a chemical reaction that occurs when a soluble aspirin tablet dissolves and the fact that oil and water do not mix are used to create a model of a lava lamp. Students have fun while they learn about density of fluids. ...

Interactive

DIY pH Indicator

This resource contains lessons plans containing instructions and teachers 'notes for an activity based on the natural pH indicator present in red cabbage leaves. It can be extracted following these explicit and clear directions included for this activity. This indicator solution changes colour from purple to bright pink ...

Online

Carbon is energy

We all use energy every day. Energy is available to us in many different forms - food, heat, electricity, petrol. But where does it all come from? This unit investigates the science of energy, renewable and non-renewable energy sources and how they can be sustained into the future. The unit includes PDF resources and video ...

Image

Graptolite fossils - item 5

This is a colour photograph of a graptolite fossilised in rock. This species is 'Clonograptus persistens'.

Image

Zygomaturus fossil skeleton

This is a colour photograph of a 'Zygomaturus tasmanicus' fossil skeleton. The skeleton is a museum specimen and has been braced with metal rods. It is displayed in a standing posture.

Image

Oxygen molecule

This is a colour image of a model of a molecule of oxygen, O₂. In this model, two oxygen atoms are represented by red spheres held together by grey rods that represent a double covalent bond.

Online

Secondary science: visual representations

These seven learning activities, which focus on 'visual representations' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers assist students to understand ...

Image

Measuring photosynthesis

This is a colour underwater photograph of marine scientist Candida Savage using a scientific instrument known as the diving-PAM. The diving-PAM is being used to measure photosynthesis in corals in Fiji. Candida Savage is wearing full diving clothing and equipment including mask, wetsuit and oxygen tanks.

Image

Southern gastric brooding frog

This is a colour photograph of a preserved southern gastric brooding frog ('Rheobatrachus silus'). It is a museum specimen viewed from the front.

Image

Gastropod fossil

This is a colour photograph of a fossil of a gastropod 'Tenagodus occlusus', showing the spiralled shell.

Image

Trilobite fossil

This is a colour photograph of a fossil trilobite of the genus 'Kolihapeltis'.

Image

Thylacine pup

This is a colour photograph of a preserved underdeveloped thylacine pup ('Thylacinus cynocephalus'). It is a museum specimen preserved in a glass container. Museum cataloguing labels are visible.

Image

Iodine molecule

This is a colour image of a model of a molecule of iodine, I₂. In this model, two iodine atoms are represented by deep red spheres held together by a grey rod that represents a covalent bond.