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Mathematics / Year 5 / Space

Curriculum content descriptions

describe and perform translations, reflections and rotations of shapes, using dynamic geometric software where appropriate; recognise what changes and what remains the same, and identify any symmetries (AC9M5SP03)

  • understanding and explaining that translations, rotations and reflections can change the position and orientation of a shape but not the shape or size
  • using pattern blocks and paper tracing around a shape and conducting a series of a one-step transformations; continuing to trace each resulting image, then copying the original position and end position on a new sheet of paper
  • demonstrating how different combinations of transformations can produce the same resulting image
  • challenging classmates to select a combination of transformations to move from an original image to the final image, noting the different combinations by using different colours to trace images
  • investigating how animal tracks can be interpreted by First Nations Australians using the transformation of their shapes to help determine and understand animal behaviour
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and Creative Thinking
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Translation (Geometry),  Line symmetry,  Reflection (Geometry),  Rotation,  Rotational symmetry


Axial Symmetry

An interactive applet in which students explore the effect of reflection in a variety of axes.


Understanding Rotation

A simple, animated introduction to rotation of geometric shapes, with an interactive quiz.


Photo hunt: level 4

Explore visual perspectives of solids such as cylinders, spheres, cones and cuboids. Match a 2D photo of a group of 3D objects taken from a different viewpoint. Identify the relative positions of the solids by comparing 2D outlines and colours. Rotate the scene until the view matches the original photo. The solids in the ...


reSolve: Transformations - Frieze patterns

This sequence of three lessons explores transformation and symmetry by engaging students in the design of friezes. Students are introduced to simple friezes, how reflections, rotations and translations are combined to create design elements, explore real frieze examples from furnishings in Parliament House and tyres, then ...


Primary mathematics: games, simulations and modelling

These seven learning activities, which focus on 'games, simulations and modelling' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use games, ...


ABC News: Mapping the sea floor

Hydrographers chart the seabed and coastline, giving ships a map to help them avoid running into underwater trouble. Use this clip as a context for exploring the mapping of the sea floor. Think about scale and how to indicate different depths using contour lines.


What skills are important for programming robots?

Listen as David McKinnon from UNSW describes some of the skills that are useful to have if you want to program robots. David explains an activity that exercises problem solving skills. Why don't you try doing it? Look at a map and find some towns that are close to yours. Use the scale on the map to work out the distances ...


Mixed Up Maths, Ep 7: Daredevil geometry

What does a daredevil jumps rider need to know about geometry? Find out as we discover angles for take off and for landing. But before we do that sit down for some angles basics! A good place to start is angles of turn through a circle from a 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, all the way to one full turn. See how many each represents as an angle.


What are pixels?

Meet Kevin Systrom and Piper Hanson as they explain how digital images work. What are pixels, those tiny dots of light, made from? How are colours created and represented? What does Kevin say about the way mathematical functions are used to create different image filters. What is the difference between image resolution ...



Graphs can be used to illustrate the relationship between two variables. Watch this fun animation from NASA to learn the basics of graphing.


For the Juniors: Drawing a floor plan

How do we know what a house will look like before it is built? Discover how house plans work by looking at the design of a house that Hugo's family is going to build. See how a floor plan shows the room layout. See drawings of what the house will look like from different views.


The Milky Way

What do you know about the Milky Way? Did you know that there are hundreds of billions of stars in it? Before you embark on your stargazing expedition, watch this video to learn how you can use just your hands and a compass to locate stars in the sky! What is the unit of measurement used when you're measuring distances ...


Mixed Up Maths, Ep 1: Monumental measurement mess ups

Did you know that in Australia we use a metric system for measurement? See if you know the units of measurement for length, mass and volume. Find out what system the United States uses. You guessed it - they don't use the metric system! See how a mix up of these units can cause all kinds of mess ups.


Fun with fractals

Do you know how to recognise a fractal? Watch this video to find out! What are the examples given of fractals found in nature? Can you think of any others? Why not have a go at doing your own drawing of the Sierpinski Triangle?


Mixed Up Maths, Ep 13: Shapes glorious shapes

Did you know that not all pyramids have a square base? Investigate the bases and faces of some pyramids. Travel around the world as we view some famous structures. First stop, we're in search of a building that is a rectangular prism. Find out which world famous building is a pentagonal prism. See what type of 3 dimensional ...


What is a fractal?

Do you know what a fractal is? Basically, fractals are never-ending patterns created by repeated mathematical equations. In this clip, Yuliya, a student at MIT (in the USA) describes the properties of fractals and shows you where they can be found in technology and nature. Have a good look at the world around you and see ...


Working out the areas

Do you know how to work out the area of a square, a rectangle or a triangle? Learn the simple maths formulas needed from this video. What would be the area of a rectangle with a height of 5cm and a length of 3cm?


Exploring mysterious shapes

Join QuanQuan and Jenny as they explore some weird and wonderful shapes! While watching this clip, think about the sides, edges, surfaces and volumes of the shapes that are demonstrated. How are these shapes different from regular 2D and 3D forms?


The Third Dimension

This resource is a web page containing a drawing task to explore help visualise 3-D objects. Draw an arrangement of cubes on isometric paper which gives us a way of drawing 3D objects more easily. A link to downloadable isometric paper is also provided. This resource is an activity from the NRICH website.


Cassowary ecology quiz

Explore facts about the life of cassowaries: physical characteristics; diet; habitat; life cycles; and locations. Interact with graphs to see how much people can help cassowaries. Work through ecology notes and resources. Answer questions as you go; express your answers as fractions. This learning object is one in a series ...