Mathematics / Year 6 / Space

Curriculum content descriptions

locate points in the 4 quadrants of a Cartesian plane; describe changes to the coordinates when a point is moved to a different position in the plane (AC9M6SP02)

  • understanding that the Cartesian plane provides a graphical or visual way of describing location with respect to a fixed origin
  • understanding that the axes are number lines that can have different scales, including fractions and decimals, depending on purpose
  • understanding that the horizontal coordinate is written first and is changed if there is a move to the left or right, whereas a move up or down will change the vertical coordinate
  • using the Cartesian plane to draw lines and polygons, listing co-ordinates in the correct order to complete a polygon
  • investigating and connecting land or star maps used by First Nations Australians with the Cartesian plane through a graphical or visual way of describing location
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Cartesian coordinates,  Cartesian planes


How many in the queue?

Students use visualising and movement activities to develop an understanding of the relationship between variables.


Position and location: Year 6 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 6 is for the topic of Position and location. Students locate and describe the position of objects using coordinates on the Cartesian plane in all four quadrants.


reSolve: Location - My Place in Space

This series of two lessons explores locating points and calculating distances using the Cartesian plane. In the first lesson, students locate and describe points on the Cartesian plane using ordered pairs of coordinates. They then search for squares on a given plane and find the side lengths of the squares. In the second ...


Cartesian planes

This resource is designed to support student learning in Stage 3 Mathematics. It provides an interactive introduction to the Cartesian plane, its components and the use of Cartesian coordinates.


Simple coordinates game

This is an interactive resource about plotting and identifying points on the Cartesian plane. The resource can be used in one of two modes. In the View mode, the student can enter the coordinates, and the corresponding point is identified on the coordinate plane when the 'Plot' button is selected. In the Guess mode, the ...


Syllabus bites – Cartesian coordinate system

This Bite is an introduction to the history, terminology, components and use of the Cartesian coordinate system. After completing the resource, students can proceed to six related Syllabus bites modules focusing on transformations on the Cartesian plane.


reSolve: Directed number

This sequence of two lessons explores directed numbers in real world situations and games, abstracting understanding to applications using the number line. In the first lesson, students develop their understanding of directed numbers by engaging in a game involving hotel elevator floors, in the second lesson students represent ...


Number sequence: Year 6 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 6 is for the topic of Number sequence. Students use horizontal and vertical number lines to find solutions to everyday problems involving locating and ordering integers around zero; for example, elevators above and below sea level. They explore integers in financial contexts, such as the ...


What are pixels?

Meet Kevin Systrom and Piper Hanson as they explain how digital images work. What are pixels, those tiny dots of light, made from? How are colours created and represented? What does Kevin say about the way mathematical functions are used to create different image filters. What is the difference between image resolution ...


MathXplosion, Ep 33: On the grid

Explore graphs, grids and mapping with a focus on reading and writing location data using coordinate geometry. Grids and maps illustrate the concepts of parallel/perpendicular lines (axes or labelled number lines), ordered pairs and intersection points.


The Numberline

An interactive tool that can help students explore a number line, including points representing integers, fractions and decimals


Introducing the Cartesian coordinate system

This is a website designed for both teachers and students that refers to the Cartesian coordinate system from the Australian Curriculum for year 6 students. It contains material on the Cartesian plane and includes plotting points and determining coordinates of points shown on a grid. There are pages for both teachers and ...


Sites2See – number for primary

Selected links to a range of interactive online resources for the study of number in Foundation to Year 6 Mathematics.


Secondary mathematics: different representations

These seven learning activities, which focus on 'representations' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use different representations ...