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English / Foundation / Language / Phonics and word knowledge

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand how to use knowledge of letters and sounds including onset and rime to spell words (ACELA1438)

Elaborations
  • recognising the most common sound made by each letter of the alphabet, including consonants and short vowel sounds, for example ‘p-op’
  • breaking words into onset and rime, noticing words that share the same pattern, for example ‘p-at’, ‘b-at’
  • breaking words into onset and rime to learn how to spell words that share the same pattern, for example ‘p-at’, ‘b-at’, ‘t-all’ and ‘f-all’
  • building word families using onset and rime, for example ‘h-ot’, ‘g-ot’, ‘n-ot’, ‘sh-ot’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Spelling,  Syllables

Video

Making it through customs

Find out what happens when a man returns to Australia carrying some secret items. His suitcase is searched in the customs office. What will the customs officer find that makes them both so annoyed?

Video

How do you make money fly?

Can you think of words that rhyme with 'fly'? Give it a try. Be amazed at magician Ian's flying money trick. Watch carefully and guess where the money goes. Can Ian make it fly up high? Will he really try or is his promise just a lie?

Video

English Year F with Leanne: Decoding unfamiliar words using onset and rime

In this lesson, you will learn how to decode unfamiliar words by breaking them up into onset (the starting sound) and rime (the ending of words). Leanne demonstrates how to build and read new words by changing the onset. She provides opportunities for you to have a go at home.

Video

Can you guess the mystery sound?

Join Harry Spellbound as he tries to win a prize on a game show called The Mystery Sound. Can Harry use the three word clues to guess the mystery sound? Can you?

Video

Think ink

This short animation shows some tricks with the 'ink' family of words. How many 'ink' words can you think of? Don't wink or blink, you might find a few surprises in this clip from The Magic Bag.

Video

Made in Australia

Ian the magician tries a trick with three pieces of silk. What will he make in his magic tube? Watch him carefully in case he makes a mistake.

Interactive

Letter planet: s, c, b

Help a stranded space traveller return home by filling three fuel tanks with words that have the same letter. Select words that begin with 's', 'c' or 'b'. Read and listen to model words. Select similar words with the same starting letter and place them in the fuel tank. Then construct sentences by putting words in the ...

Interactive

Letter planet: a, e, o

Help a stranded space traveller return home by filling three fuel tanks with words that have the same letter. Select words with 'a', 'e' or 'o' in them. Read and listen to model words. Select similar words with the same vowel and place them in the fuel tank. Then construct sentences by putting words in the appropriate order. ...

Online

Creating change as a literacy coach

This teacher resource describes how a literacy coach made a substantial difference to students' literacy achievements, teachers' involvement in literacy strategies and whole-school culture at Allendale East Area School in South Australia. Organised in nine sections: Summary; Target student group; Method; Results; Lessons ...

Interactive

Little Stars - Word Wizard - iTunes app

Learn and practise spelling and word recognition, on your own or with a partner, in this space-themed game. Answer questions to move your rocket ship and earn stickers on the way. Includes over 150 CVC words. Free when reviewed 6/6/15.

Online

TrackSAFE Education Primary School Resources: Foundation, Year 1 and Year 2 English

This unit of work focuses on developing student understanding of the importance of being track safe and the key message 'Stop, Look, Listen, Think'. It builds students' familiarity with the vocabulary and key concepts related to rail safety and provides differentiated activities for writers at different stages of development ...

Interactive

Phonics Fun 4 - iTunes app

Learn letter sounds and rime as you tap pictures and hear letter sounds. Match the letters and sounds to the pictures. Covers 9 letter sounds (a, e, i, o, u, qu, sh, z, v), 5 rimes (ip, ot, x, at, un) in 75 words. Free when reviewed 6/6/15.

Online

Rhyme - sound, beat, repeat

'Like' and 'bike' are rhyming words. They are fun to say together. Nursery rhymes have many words that sound the same.

Online

Lego Spelling! An English Lesson Plan that will have your kids building words in no time.

This activity uses Lego blocks to help children form a connection between the sounds they hear in words and the letters used to phonetically spell words. It is targeted at Foundation, but as you will see, is easily adaptable to multiple year levels.

Interactive

SpellingCity - Google Play app

Learn and practise your spelling, grammar and vocabulary with 10 multimodal spelling games. Build customised word listsand test yourself on your spelling. SpellingCity is a companion app for the www.spellingcity.com website. Free when reviewed 7/6/15.

Interactive

SpellingCity - iTunes app

Learn and practise your spelling, grammar and vocabulary with 10 multimodal spelling games. Build customised word lists and test yourself on your spelling. SpellingCity is a companion app for the www.spellingcity.com website. Free when reviewed 7/6/15.

Interactive

Words and pictures: rhyme time

Meet Di, an artist who paints rhymes. Help Di paint three pictures by creating rhymes. Choose two words that rhyme such as lizard and wizard. Select a third word to make a phrase, for example a bear under a stair. Watch as Di paints a picture of the rhyming phrase.

Video

English Years F–1 with Oliver: Syllables

In this lesson, you will learn how to hear and identify syllables. Oliver demonstrates how to hear the beat in words and break up words into syllables to decode faster. He provides opportunities to join in and have a go at identifying syllables at home.

Online

A comparison of the effectiveness of two strategy tutoring programs for children with persistent spelling difficulties

This teacher resource describes a small-scale research study into the capacity of two strategies of one-on-one tutoring (Look-Say-Cover-Write-Say-Check and Old Way/New Way - Mediational Learning) to help primary school students with persistent difficulties develop effective spelling strategies. It is presented in nine sections: ...

Online

Smarter Schools approach to teaching beginning reading and spelling

This is a teacher resource about the Smarter Schools strategy successful implemented by 30 Catholic and independent schools in Tasmania to improve the progress of students in reading and spelling. The strategy uses mainly an oral language approach to teaching phonics and phonemic awareness in an integrated and systematic ...