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Humanities and social sciences / Year 4 / Knowledge and Understanding / History

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The journey(s) of AT LEAST ONE world navigator, explorer or trader up to the late eighteenth century, including their contacts with other societies and any impacts (ACHASSK084)

Elaborations
  • identifying key individuals and groups who established contacts with Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania during the European age of discovery
  • investigating what motivated countries to explore and colonise
  • examining the journey of one or more explorers (for example, Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Ferdinand Magellan), using navigation maps to reconstruct their journeys
  • examining the impact of European exploration or colonisation on ONE society
  • investigating networks of exchange and what was exchanged between different groups of people (for example, ideas, spices, food, slaves)
  • recognising that people from many continents have explored parts of the world (for example, Zheng He, Ibn Battuta)
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

International trade,  Cultural interaction,  Significant people,  Exploration,  Explorers

Image

Mapping the Australian Coast

This collection focuses on the European mapping and naming of the Australian continent during the 17th and 18th centuries. It highlights the motivations and achievements of Dutch and British explorers, including Abel Tasman and James Cook. It incorporates maps, texts, and a painting.

Interactive

Waters of Kamay

This learning sequence explores the salt and fresh waters of Kamay Botany Bay, its importance as a life source and the cultural connection it has to the Aboriginal people living at Kamay. Water is essential for life. It nourishes our bodies, our lands and supports all life on earth. It is home to wondrous and significant ...

Online

Captain James Cook

This sequence of three learning activities about the voyages of Captain James Cook includes a short film, 'Mapping Australia' and uses images of items from the library's collection. Students will curate their own museum. They will develop their skills of historical inquiry and discussion.

Interactive

Botany of Kamay

This resource explores the plants of Kamay Botany Bay – their significance to the Aboriginal people of Kamay, and to the botanists on the Endeavour in 1770. This resource is one part of the 'Endeavour – eight days in Kamay' resource.

Online

Mapping the Australian Coast

This collection focuses on the European mapping and naming of the Australian continent during the 17th and 18th centuries. It highlights the motivations and achievements of Dutch and British explorers, including Abel Tasman and James Cook. It incorporates maps, texts and a painting.

Video

Race of the navigators

Discover why two explorers during the early 1800s raced each other to the other side of the world. This clip explains why explorers Nicolas Baudin and Matthew Flinders raced across the world to investigate 'New Holland', now known as Australia.

Audio

Dogs that hop along on two legs?

Hear a passage from Captain James Cook's 'Endeavour' journal read aloud. This entry for 26 August 1770 includes a record of some of the animal species the British observed while they camped in the Endeavour River area. This audio clip is fifth in a series of six.

Video

Shipwrecked off 'New Holland'

Nicolas Baudin and Matthew Flinders are ready to take their maps and discoveries home. They have been exploring the coasts of 'New Holland' for many months. Both men suffer tragedy on their return voyages. Watch this clip to find out what happens to them.

Video

Impact of European settlement on Aboriginal Tasmanians

Aboriginal Tasmanians had inhabited Tasmania for over 40,000 years before the arrival of European settlers. What do you think life was like for Aboriginal Tasmanians before then? Why might have they embarked on a war, called the 'Black War', once settlers began arriving in Tasmania, despite existing relatively peacefully ...

Audio

All things necessary for a happy life

Hear a passage from Lieutenant James Cook's 'Endeavour' journal read aloud. In this entry for 24 August 1770, Cook reflects on the lives of the Guugu Yimithirr people and why they seemed more contented than European people at that time. This audio clip is fourth in a series of six.

Audio

Getting to know the locals

Hear a passage from Lieutenant James Cook's 'Endeavour' journal read aloud. In this entry for 10 July 1770, Cook describes a meeting with several local Guugu Yimithirr men who were fishing nearby. The British crew had set up camp in the area that is now Cooktown, on Cape York's east coast. This audio clip is the second ...

Audio

Harvests and hazards in the seas

Hear a passage from Captain James Cook's 'Endeavour' journal read aloud. This entry includes observations of the sea life that the British crew observed around the Endeavour River where they camped for seven weeks. This is the final audio clip in a series of six.

Video

Meeting of the expeditions

Have you ever been surprised to see someone you know in a place far from home? Rival explorers, Nicolas Baudin and Matthew Flinders, are sailing in opposite directions along the coast of 'New Holland'. Imagine their surprise when they spot each other's ship. Watch this clip to find out what happens when they meet at sea.

Video

Life on 'HMS Endeavour'

Imagine sailing with 94 people on board a ship for three years! That's exactly what Captain James Cook did when he sailed on Endeavour and eventually landed on the east coast of Australia. Find out what life was like on this ship for the people on board.

Audio

Newcomers explore an ancient land

Hear a passage from Lieutenant James Cook's 'Endeavour' journal read aloud. In this entry for 9 July 1770, botanist Joseph Banks and Lieutenant John Gore explore the Endeavour River area on the east coast of Cape York. This audio clip is the first in a series of six.

Audio

Trouble over turtles

Hear a passage from Lieutenant James Cook's 'Endeavour' journal read aloud. In this entry for 19 July 1770, relations between the British visitors and the local Aboriginal people are strained. The Guugu Yimithirr people appear to object to the British visitors hunting turtles in the waters of their home. This audio clip ...

Video

Mapping the age of discovery

Maps may be used to find treasure but this one is a treasure! A rare map found by chance brings to life one of the most significant voyages in history, when Ferdinand Magellan travelled west from Spain to the East Indies (Indonesia). Although Magellan was killed en route, his crew were the first Europeans to circumnavigate ...

Video

Expeditions return home from 'New Holland'

Discover what happens when the expeditions of Matthew Flinders and Nicolas Baudin return home. Both explorers brought back detailed maps and specimens, including live kangaroos and emus, from 'New Holland'. How will each explorer be celebrated and remembered? Watch this clip to find out.

Video

Confrontation on King Island

Governor King is commander of the British settlement in Port Jackson (now Sydney). He suspects French explorer Nicolas Baudin of planning to claim a French colony in 'New Holland'. King sends a ship to race Baudin to Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania). Watch this clip to find out what happens next.

Video

Cape of Good Hope

How would you like to be sailing in a leaking boat over rough seas, far from home? As explorer Matthew Flinders makes the long voyage to 'New Holland', his ship begins leaking water. This short clip describes the poor state of Flinders's ship, 'The Investigator'. The crew must stop and make repairs at the Cape of Good Hope.