Economics and business / Year 10 / Economics and Business Knowledge and Understanding

Curriculum content descriptions

The ways that governments manage economic performance to improve living standards (ACHEK052)

  • identifying examples of fiscal and monetary policy options designed to improve the standard of living, such as productivity policy, training and workforce development, taxation, work visas, migration, buying or selling government securities
  • identifying examples of government intervention that aim to redistribute income (for example, pensions, youth allowance and job search), and goods and services such as health care and education
  • investigating how Australia supports economic growth in the Asia region through participating in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum
  • explaining the impact of minimum wage, government payments, taxation and government-funded services on living standards
  • identifying examples of externalities (that is, costs or benefits associated with the production or consumption of goods and/or services that affect the wellbeing of third parties or society more generally) and exploring the ways governments can influence or regulate these impacts to ensure prices reflect external costs
General capabilities
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Government policy,  Social indicators,  Business cycles


Exploring the production and marketing of seafood: producer video

This is a video about how wild-caught lobsters are processed for export and barramundi are farmed in two South Australian businesses. The first part is presented by Andrew Laurie, the owner of Sky Seafoods, who shows the work of the lobster fishermen who supply him and how the lobsters are processed. He describes how sustainability ...


How does income tax work?

Gen Fricker makes income tax interesting! Learn about income tax - what it is, how it works and when you have to pay it. Easy-peasy! Then test yourself with ASIC Moneysmart's "Things to think about" classroom exercises.


MoneySmart: Reaching goals: What's involved?

This unit of work students learn about financial planning through the characters Cathy and Dinuka who are Year 10 students planning to go on a holiday together at the end of Year 12. Students learn about goal setting, saving, borrowing, investing, working with compound interest, good and bad credit, depreciation and inflation.


Trade and Investment at a Glance

Using an illustrated report from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, this Teacher guide provides ten learning sequences that engage students in the analysis and interpretation of data about Australian imports and exports. Students: identify Australia's major exports and imports; investigate international trade ...


The Conversation: the state of the Australian economy

This article describes the state of the Australian economy, beyond the story of budget crisis. It is authored by an economics professor and is in plain language. The article provides links to a further collection of articles discussing the state of Australia from different political and social viewpoints.


Australia's Trade through Time

Using an interactive timeline created by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, this Teacher guide provides 12 series of learning experiences that engage students in the analysis and interpretation of data about Australian trade from 1900 to the present day. Students study videos, tables, images and texts in order ...


Gender equality analysis from The Conversation

This is a collection of 40+ articles about gender equality. It includes articles about women in corporate leadership, work-life balance for men and women, policy responses to domestic violence in South Africa, the implications of gender bias in higher education, role of childcare in promoting equality and others. The articles ...