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Geography / Year 8 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Landforms and landscapes

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Spiritual, aesthetic and cultural value of landscapes and landforms for people, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples  (ACHGK049)

Elaborations
  • discussing the representation of landscapes in literature, song/music, film and art
  • analysing the role of geomorphic landforms and landscapes in tourism (for example, the Grand Canyon in the USA or Uluru in Australia)
  • exploring the multilayered meanings (material, cultural and spiritual wellbeing) associated with landscapes and landforms by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples
  • investigating Aboriginal Dreaming stories and Legends of the Torres Strait concerning the formation, meaning and interconnection of landforms
  • discussing the significance of landforms for people, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Landforms,  Weathering,  Earth movements,  Sediment transport

Video

Using lasers to fight coastal erosion?

Coastal settlements are often battered by forces of erosion. See how planners use accurate, reliable data about the changing coastline to combat erosion. Take a trip to the beach to see how technology, including GPS and airborne laser systems (Lidar), are lending a hand.

Video

Burringurrah: the boy who ran from initiation

Charlie Snowball tells the story of Burringurrah, a landform named after a boy who ran away from tribal initiation. Also known as Mount Augustus, Burringurrah in Western Australia is often claimed to be the world’s largest rock. What other significant rock features is Australia known for?

Video

Birian Balunah: the birthing of the rivers

Paula Nihot shares a story told to her by Yugambeh Elder Patricia O’Connor. It's the story of Wanungara, queen of the mountains, and her daughters Princess Toolona and Princess Caningera, and how their complicated relationships and choices explain the geography of the region.

Video

A peak into Australia's alpine region

The Australian Alps are a landscape of mountain ranges and peaks, low foothills and forested valleys. It is the place that inspired the poem 'The Man from Snowy River'. Watch this clip to find out more about the Australian Alps and the animals that inhabit this area.

Video

Island hopping in a tropical paradise

The Whitsunday Islands, a collection of continental islands close to the mainland, were created when sea levels rose and flooded the valleys. These tropical Queensland islands are a haven for many plant, bird and reptile species. Take a tour of the Whitsundays and the surrounding Great Barrier Reef and see the different landforms.

Video

Through our eyes: series 1

This series of 18 short videos provides insights into the land management practices and social, spiritual and cultural knowledge of the Ngemba, Kamilaroi and Euahlayi Aboriginal language groups in north-western NSW. The videos are presented by the Aboriginal Elders and knowledge-holders and cover a range of topics including ...

Video

Welcome to Wollemi National Park

Wollemi National Park is part of the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area. The traditional owners are the Wiradjuri people. This clip will take you on a guided tour of Dunns Swamp, in the north-west section of the park. The spectacular ancient landscape draws thousands of tourists each year but if you know where to ...

Video

Landslides along the Three Gorges Dam

The world's largest dam project is set to bring enormous benefits to the Chinese economy. But there's a potential side-effect of altering the natural system - the likelihood that more geological disasters such as landslides will occur in the area. Find out why in this clip from 2008.

Interactive

Exploring Kamay

This resource explores the landscape of Kamay Botany Bay, as well as the technology discovered by the crew aboard the HMB Endeavour in 1770. This resource is one part of the 'Endeavour – eight days in Kamay' resource.

Video

Why are coral reefs important?

Coral reefs contain a high biodiversity of marine life and they're vital natural assets for coastal communities and cultures. In this clip you will hear from a panel of scientific and community experts as they discuss the importance of coral reefs to billions of people around the world. Discover some perspectives on the ...

Video

How did Uluru form?

Uluru is found in Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park in Australia's Red Centre. This region contains many landform features and is a place of special significance for both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples alike. Find out about the Earth movements that created these incredible landforms and the creation stories of the area's ...

Video

Bardi Jawi Rangers: caring for country

Join Dwayne and Trevor as they show us around their 'office', which must have some of the best views in Australia! They are Bardi Jawi Rangers, working hard to care for country on the Dampier Peninsula in the West Kimberley. See the spectacular landscape they work in and hear why Dwayne and Trevor love their jobs.

Video

TAR-RU: The story of Lake Victoria

This 46 minute video explores the environmental and cultural impact of a dam on Lake Victoria in south western NSW and current efforts to protect the significant Aboriginal heritage and environmental values of the area. It provides a comprehensive historical case study about the Aboriginal culture at TAR-RU and the effect ...

Online

GeogSpace: year 8 - exemplar

This is a web page consisting of an overview and four illustrations of practice on the GeogSpace website, a resource for teachers. The illustrations relate to the Geographical Knowledge and Understanding, and the Geographical Inquiry and Skills strands of the Australian Curriculum: Geography. The four illustrations investigate ...

Online

Taming the Australian Desert

The Western Desert region of Australia has been lived on, charted and cared for by Aboriginal peoples for tens of thousands of years. European settlers, however, saw the same region as something to be conquered or tamed; full of challenges, extreme weather patterns and landscape. See how Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples ...

Video

Yucatan Peninsula: Mayan heritage

Discover ruins of a lost civilisation of the Maya at Tulum, on the Yucatán Peninsula in south-eastern Mexico. See what has become of the civilisation's cenotes, its ancient water resources, as a Maya descendant speaks of his sadness at what has happened to the land of his forebears.

Video

New dam, new house: the Mekong

The mighty Mekong river provides a way of life for millions of people, and is arguably the most important resource in the developing country of Laos. Discover how villagers are being relocated to make way for hydropower dams on this river, which stretches for nearly 5,000 kilometres from the mountains of Tibet to Vietnam. ...

Video

What's the highest mountain you've climbed?

Sherpas have been an integral part of the successful attempts to climb Mount Everest, in the Himalayas. Come on a journey with Keith Adams as he takes us into the Sherpa village of Namche Bazaar. This clip from 1980 demonstrates how the wellbeing of the Sherpas has always been underpinned by their ability to survive in ...

Video

Spectacular landforms shaped by erosion

Take a trip around the English coastline. In each location, the erosive power of the wind and the waves is obvious. But it's differences in the underlying geology that account for the diverse range of landforms that you are about to see.

Video

River flow vs particle size

Moving water can be a powerful force of nature. The speed of the water flow directly affects particle movement (transportation and deposition). See how the Hjulstrom Curve graph helps understand erosion by plotting the relationship between particle size and river velocity.