Hindi / Year 3 and 4 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Build phonic awareness and pronunciation skills through singing, reciting and experimenting with sounds; develop familiarity with the use of the under-dotted characters representing loan sounds in Hindi and conventions governing punctuation marks in written script

[Key concepts: pronunciation, sounds, loan words; Key processes: identifying, distinguishing, recording]


  • creating an alphabet bank, collecting words beginning with each letter, for example, कमल, कसरत, कोयल।
  • imitating the discrimination of unaspirated and aspirated sounds, for example, क-ख, द-ध।
  • understanding that the sound and letter correspondence is the same in written and spoken Hindi, that there are no silent letters or more than one sound for any one letter, apart from the letters ह, य and व, whose pronunciation is influenced by their context
  • understanding that Hindi vowels can be pronounced with a nasal quality added to them which is represented by either a चंद्रबिंदु or a small dot (बिंदु) above the headstroke, for example, हाँ, मैं
  • recognising how to distinguish between nasal vowel sounds and nasal consonants, and the rules that govern how to represent nasal consonant combinations in words such as गंगा, पंजाब, ठंड/ठण्ड, बंद/बन्द and तुम्हारा
  • recognising that there are loan words in Hindi from languages such as English, Persian, Arabic, Turkish and Portuguese, and learning how the underdotted characters क़, ख़, ग़, ज़, फ़ are used to represent such loan sounds
  • recognising how pitch, stress and rhythm help to convey meaning even when individual words are unfamiliar
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Hindi language

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