Hindi / Year 3 and 4 / Understanding / Systems of language

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Curriculum content descriptions

Recognise and apply elements of grammar, such as noun and adjectival forms, conjunctions, gender and number markers, verb tenses and compound forms, and constructions related to compulsion

[Key concepts: grammar, tense, gender, number; Key processes: recognising, applying, naming]


  • describing objects using concrete nouns related to home, school and local environments, for example, forms of transport मोटरकार, रेलगाड़ी, food items चावल, रोटी, दाल and classroom objects कुर्सी, मेज़, पेंसिल
  • describing quantity using cardinal numbers, such as पाँच रोटियाँ, दस गिलास
  • using appropriate forms of tenses, for example, गया था, जाऊँगा, जा रहा हूँ, खाया था, खा रहा हूँ, खाऊँगा
  • using adjectives to describe characteristics or qualities of a person or object, such as nationality, shape and colour, and noticing that they change with gender and number, for example, छोटा लड़का, छोटी लड़की, छोटे लड़के
  • using possessive adjectives to express ownership, for example, मेरी पुस्तक, तुम्हारा बस्ता
  • creating simple sentence structures such as मैं पढ़ता हूँ।
  • using pronouns for places and objects, for example, यहाँ, वहाँ, यह, वह
  • recognising that punctuation in English is the same as in Hindi apart from the use of capital letters and a different symbol for a full stop
  • using conjunctions to link elements of sentences or phrases, for example, और, या, लेकिन
  • constructing questions to seek information, for example, क्यों? कैसे?
  • identifying regular forms of gender and number
  • understanding how actions completed at a particular time in the past are described using perfective tenses and how ने is used as the agent marker for transitive verb actions in these tenses
  • showing how actions are performed by using compound verb forms such as in मैंने काम ख़त्म कर दिया, दुकान बंद हो गई।
  • understanding the distinctions in levels of compulsion implied in statements like मुझे जाना चाहिए। मुझे जाना है। मुझे जाना पड़ता है।
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

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