Mathematics / Year 2 / Number and Algebra / Patterns and algebra

Curriculum content descriptions

Describe patterns with numbers and identify missing elements (ACMNA035)

Elaborations
  • describing a pattern created by skip counting and representing the pattern on a number line
  • investigating features of number patterns resulting from adding twos, fives or 10s
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Number patterns

Online

reSolve: Algebra - Equivalence

This sequence of two lessons builds students' understanding of equivalence as balance. The equals sign is used to indicate the same value on both sides of an equation. Students develop their understanding of equivalence by looking at balancing scales with blocks of different weights. Each lesson is outlined in detail including ...

Video

Odd and even numbers

Do you know what makes an odd number and what makes an even number? There are a few ways to test whether a number is odd or even. Find out about one method in this video, then see if you can discover at least one other method.

Interactive

Musical number patterns: music maker

Make some music by building up rhythms for four instruments. Choose a starting point on a number line and build a counting rule. Count in lots between 2 and 10 until you reach 36. Add your number several times on the number line to make a pattern. For example, set up a sound pattern where a trumpet waits on the first note, ...

Interactive

Sites2See: Patterns and Algebra

Selected links to a range of interactive online resources for the study of patterns and algebra in Foundation to Year 6 Mathematics.

Online

Repeating and growing patterns: Year 2 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 2 is for the topic of Repeating and growing patterns. Students continue to appreciate and observe how patterns are present throughout mathematics. They recognise, describe and create additive patterns that grow or shrink by a constant amount. They also identify missing elements in pattern sequences.

Downloadable

Algebra: Foundation to Year 9

This comprehensive resource describes the progression of algebra-related ideas and algebraic thinking. The resource demonstrates examples of relevant teaching strategies, investigations, activity plans and connected concepts in algebra including teaching and cultural implications.

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See & Say - Calculate

This class warm-up game focuses on practising addition and subtraction strategies and developing algebraic thinking by using a rule applied to a list of numbers.

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Pattern & Algebra Year 2 - Calculate

The focus of this activity is to discover if students can use numbers to describe a pattern that it written as a description. From here we are interested in finding out if students can interpret the pattern, discover the rule and apply this rule to find missing or future terms.

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Pass The Count - Calculate

This game allows students to practice their skip counting skills in small groups.

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Space Race Game (Introducing Algorithmic Thinking) - Calculate

Space Race is a simple board game that teachers can use to introduce the concept of algorithmic sequencing to students. The teaching points provided with the game assist teachers to introduce the use of an algorithm (a simple set of mathematical instructions) to describe the trajectory of an object across a grid plane from ...

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Patterns Year 2 - Calculate

The focus of this activity is on patterns and algorithmic thinking. The lesson aims to encourage students to explore problems with limited assistance from the teacher. Although the teacher asks questions and can prompt learning, the students will investigate the problem using their own strategies.

Video

MathXplosion, Ep 6: Zero the hero

What is the role of zero as a placeholder for large numbers such as 1 million, 1 billion and 1 trillion? Find out about the notion of place value and powers of ten through the act of bead counting.

Online

reSolve: Authentic Problems: What's For Lunch?

This sequence of four lessons invites students to investigate how many of a chosen food item are eaten at their school in a year. Students identify the mathematical knowledge they need to find how many of the selected items they eat in a year and devise a plan to find the total number, using grouping, partitioning and repeated ...

Online

reSolve: Authentic Problems: Bunches of Balloons

This sequence of three lessons introduces division and multiplication through the context of decorating a room with clusters of balloons. Students carry out an inquiry using a variety of processes associated with multiplication and division such as grouping concrete objects, arrays, repeated addition and skip counting. ...

Online

reSolve: Multiplication: Making Robots

This sequence of lessons introduces the key idea of multiplication as a Cartesian product, using the language of 'for each'. Students explore the total number of different robots that can be made using three heads, three bodies and three feet. The students represent the different combinations for the robots as array. The ...

Interactive

Musical number patterns: musical times

Make some music by building up rhythms from four instruments. Make a counting rule that matches a pattern on a number line. Select the start number and then select a number to count by. For example, describe a sound pattern where a saxophone waits on the first note, and then plays on every eighth note. Add a second number ...

Interactive

Wishball: hundreds

Test your understanding of place value with three-digit numbers. Start with a three-digit whole number such as 507. A spinner provides a randomly generated digit. Choose its place value and add it to (or subtract it from) your starting number. Work towards a given target number, say 539, using other digits. You can choose ...

Online

reSolve: Multiplication - reSolve Fruit Shop

This sequence of two lessons explores the use of arrays to determine how many objects are in a collection. Students use strategies such as skip counting, repeated addition and partitioning the array into smaller parts. They investigate how some numbers can be represented as an array in different ways. They also explore ...

Video

BTN: What is an abacus?

An abacus is a tool that helps people solve maths problems. Why might some people still use, and encourage the use of, an abacus when there are more contemporary tools like calculators?

Video

Numbers Count: What are factors?

What are factors? Watch as the jelly babies in this clip show you! What are the factors of 12? How many factors does the number 11 have? Try explaining to a friend what a prime number is.