Mathematics / Year 8 / Number and Algebra / Number and place value

Curriculum content descriptions

Carry out the four operations with rational numbers and integers, using efficient mental and written strategies and appropriate digital technologies (ACMNA183)

  • using patterns to assist in finding rules for the multiplication and division of integers
  • using the number line to develop strategies for adding and subtracting rational numbers
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • ICT capability Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capability
ScOT terms

Number operations,  Calculators


MathXplosion, Ep 1: Magic 9s

Follow these simple calculations to illustrate the special properties of the number 9. Pick your favourite number between 1 and 9 and multiply that number by 3. Add 3 to your answer. Multiply the result by 3. Treat your two-digit answer as two separate numbers and add them together. No matter what number you pick to start ...


MathXplosion, Ep 17: Develop mathematical mind-reading skills

Amaze your friends with your super mind-reading skills. Here’s a brain game you can play by asking a few questions and substituting letters for numbers! Learn to follow a specific sequence of arithmetical steps to always arrive at the same answer.


MathXplosion, Ep 11: Fun facts about the number seven

Did you know that the digits on opposite faces of dice will always add up to seven? Use dice as fun tools to reinforce fact families of seven, multiples of seven and subtraction skills.


MathXplosion, Ep 30: How many combinations can you get?

How many combinations can you get from 6 shirts and 4 pairs of pants? Determine the number of different outfits using the concept of possibilities (possible outcomes) and combinations.


Arithmetic four

This is an interactive game for two students in which they solve arithmetic problems, similar to 'Connect four'. The players can choose to work with whole number and integer addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. The length of time each player will have and the level of difficulty of the problems can also be ...


TIMES Module 15: Number and Algebra: the integers - teacher guide

This is a 24-page guide for teachers. The module introduces the integers, order of the integers and operations on the integers.


TIMES Module 9: Number and Algebra: multiplication of whole numbers - teacher guide

This is a 23-page guide for teachers. This module contains a description of suitable models for multiplication, a discussion of the types of problems that require multiplication for their solution, and mental and written strategies for multiplication. The use of the commutative, associative and distributive laws is described. ...


TIMES Module 10: Number and Algebra: division of whole numbers - teacher guide

This is a 26-page guide for teachers. This module contains a description of suitable models for division, a discussion of the types of problems that require division for their solution, and mental and written strategies for division.


TIMES Module 14: Number and Algebra: fractions - teacher guide

This is a 16-page guide for teachers that provides an introduction to fractions. It covers ordering, the four basic arithmetic operations, cancelling, writing in simplest form, the use of the area model for multiplication and the use of the number line for ordering, adding and subtracting. A history of the development of ...


8N01A Integers - Ochre Education

This unit of work focuses on integers. Students add and subtract integers; establish multiplication and division of integers and build to raising to positive integer powers, square roots and cube roots; evaluate expressions involving combinations of operations and the use of brackets, fraction bars, and vinculums and consideration ...


8N02A Rational numbers - Ochre Education

This unit of work focuses on rational numbers. Students define and write recurring non-terminating decimals using dot and vinculum notations; identify fractions that will have terminating or recurring non-terminating decimal expansions using the prime factorisation of the denominator in simplified form; convert between ...


Work sample Year 8 Mathematics: Random selection

This work sample demonstrates evidence of student learning in relation to aspects of the achievement standards for Year 8 Mathematics. The primary purpose for the work sample is to demonstrate the standard, so the focus is on what is evident in the sample not how it was created. The sample is an authentic representation ...


Output of a Solar Cell

This activity invites students to measure the efficiency of solar cells as they convert sunlight to power. The activity includes a list of tools and materials required, assembly instructions, what to do and notice, an explanation for the underlying science of what students observe and suggestions for further activities.


The wide wide world of sports betting

This lesson explores the difference between perfectly predictable events (like the roll of a die) and less certain events (such as sports). Students investigate mathematically how sports bookmakers create odds to guarantee themselves a profit and pay gamblers less for a win than they deserve. The lesson is outlined in ...


Can you beat the system?

In this lesson, students calculate the average expected value of losses on a roulette wheel over time, and use these values to analyse the cost of gambling on these games. They also study the flaws inherent in betting systems to determine whether these systems are weighted in the favour of game operators making a profit. ...


Prediction vs. reality

This lesson explores how we perceive randomness. Students toss coins and record their observations while half of the class fake their results. They will then explore the differences between the random results and fake results sets and investigate theoretical probabilities for large numbers of coin flips. The lesson is outlined ...


Introduction to games of chance

This lesson explores how to predict outcomes of games of chance. Students investigate the concepts of luck, skill and fairness, using dice games. They calculate probabilities for one and two dice rolls and compare the odds for different combinations of dice in a variety of game scenarios. The lesson is outlined in detail ...


All operations: Year 8 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 8 is for the topic of All operations. Students use all four operations to solve problems with integers and rational numbers. They can use a range of written strategies and mental computation to demonstrate their understanding.


Shooting 3-pointers: Part 1

In this lesson students are guided through solving a problem using mathematical modelling. Students are guided through the process of formulating a problem that can be solved using a mathematical modelling approach. A professional sporting context allows students to engage in a common basketball scoring move: shooting ...


Shooting 3-pointers: Part 2

In this lesson, students conduct a statistical investigation, collecting and analysing data using percentages, and choosing efficient calculations and strategies. The investigation is communicated visually and verbally to the teacher and peers. Students reflect on feedback and consider revisions for the investigation.