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Mathematics / Year 9 / Number and Algebra / Real numbers

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Solve problems involving direct proportion. Explore the relationship between graphs and equations corresponding to simple rate problems (ACMNA208)

Elaborations
  • identifying direct proportion in real-life contexts
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Rates (Ratios),  Linear equations,  Direct proportions,  Gradients

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Syllabus Bites: Graphing direct proportion

This is the third in a series of Syllabus Bites related to direct and indirect proportion. Students draw graphs to represent relationships between variables in direct proportion. They associate the gradient of the graph with the constant of proportionality. They investigate practical contexts that give rise to direct proportion.

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Syllabus Bites: Direct proportion

This is the second in a series of Syllabus Bites related to direct and indirect proportion. Interactive applets and dynamic geometry software allow students to explore quantities in direct proportion. Students draw conclusions about relationships between the variables and consolidate their understanding by playing a simple game.

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Syllabus Bites: Indirect proportion

This is the fifth in a series of Syllabus Bites related to direct and indirect proportion. Students explore inverse (indirect) proportion in a variety of contexts. They draw graphs of inverse proportionality and use their understanding of this type of relationship to solve a problem.

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Sites2See – applied mathematics

This collection of resources for Applied Mathematics has helpful links for the six Focus Studies - Communication, Driving, Design, Household Finance, Human Body and Personal Resource Usage. A laptop-friendly resource.

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Syllabus Bites: Revisiting proportion

This is the first in a series of Syllabus Bites related to direct and indirect proportion. Students revise the concept of ratio. They create short visual explanations showing how problems can be solved.

Online

TIMES Module 35: Number and Algebra: proportion - teacher guide

This is a 22-page guide for teachers. The module introduces the idea of direct proportion and illustrates its many uses in science, commerce and measurement. It looks at ratios, gradients and fractions. A history of the development and use of proportion concludes the module.

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Syllabus Bites: Proportionality problems

This is the fourth in a series of Syllabus Bites related to direct and indirect proportion. Students use graphs, equations and numerical methods to solve problems involving direct proportion.

Online

reSolve: Gradient and Tangent

This sequence of two lessons investigates gradient and angle by applying the tangent ratio to find the angles represented by a road sign or the angle of a street. In the first lesson, students research what a road grade is and determine the actual angle of a road given its grade. They then construct their own road sign ...

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reSolve: Rectilinear Polygons

In this sequence of three lessons, students use geometric reasoning to establish relationships between angles in polygons and go on to make generalisations using algebraic expressions. Students explore and enumerate right angles in a series of rectilinear polygons and generalise their findings. They then explore the number ...

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TIMES Module 21: Number and Algebra: rates and ratios - teacher guide

This is a 17-page guide for teachers. This module introduces the idea of ratios and rates. Ratios are used to compare two quantities. The emphasis is usually on comparing parts of the whole. Rates are a measure of how one quantity changes for every unit of another quantity. It relates the ideas of ratios, gradient and fractions.

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TIMES Module 29: Number and Algebra: introduction to coordinate geometry - teacher guide

This is a 22-page guide for teachers. This module introduces coordinate geometry. The introduction includes finding the distance between two points, finding the coordinates of the midpoint between two points, determining the gradient of a line and determining the equation of a line.

Online

reSolve: Real World Algebra: Linear Functions

This sequence of two lessons explores real world, algebraic, numeric and graphical representations of linear functions, focussing on the gradient of linear functions. Students use images of everyday objects and inscribe straight lines, then use Geogebra to explore the algebraic representation of their lines. Each lesson ...

Online

Coordinate geometry

This is a website designed for both teachers and students that addresses coordinate geometry from the Australian Curriculum for year 9 students. It contains material that shows the connection between algebra and geometry through graphs of lines and curves. There are pages for both teachers and students. The student pages ...

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Triathlon: assessment: teacher guide

Use this resource with 'Triathlon: assessment' (L8274). First, see a profile of that assessment object, which gives you some helpful background information. Then follow clear guidelines on the interpretation of student's responses to questions based on interpreting information on a distance–time graph in the assessment object.

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Secondary mathematics: different representations

These seven learning activities, which focus on 'representations' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use different representations ...

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Playground percentages

Help a town planner to design two site plans for a school. Assign regions on a 10x10 grid for different uses such as a playground, canteen, car park or lawn. Calculate the percentage of the total site used for each region. Use a number line to display fractions and equivalent fractions.

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Mystery spinner: challenge

Look at results in a frequency graph compiled after testing an unseen spinner. Work out the likely proportions of colours in the mystery spinner. Use a tool to build a new spinner (a dial with a pointer). Choose up to five equal-sized sectors. Fill the sectors with up to five colours. For example, make a five-part spinner ...