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Science / Year 9 / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

People use scientific knowledge to evaluate whether they accept claims, explanations or predictions, and advances in science can affect people‚Äôs lives, including generating new career opportunities (ACSHE160)

Elaborations
  • investigating how technologies using electromagnetic radiation are used in medicine, such as in the detection and treatment of cancer
  • using knowledge of science to test claims made in advertising or expressed in the media
  • investigating the use of nanotechnology in medicine, such as the delivery of pharmaceuticals
  • describing how science is used in the media to explain a natural event or justify actions
  • evaluating claims relating to products such as electrical devices, fuels, indigestion tablets
  • considering the impact of technological advances developed in Australia, such as the cochlear implant and bionic eye
  • considering the impacts of human activity on an ecosystem from a range of different perspectives
  • considering how communication methods are influenced by new mobile technologies that rely on electromagnetic radiation
  • recognising aspects of science, engineering and technology within careers such as medicine, medical technology, telecommunications, biomechanical engineering, pharmacy and physiology
ScOT terms

Evaluation,  Reasoning,  Judgement

Video

Why vaccinate?

The human immune system's role is to deal with the threat of infection. However, sometimes the immune system fails to stop an infection that can lead to disease. Vaccines are used to prevent some diseases. Discover how a vaccine helps the immune system respond to the threat of infection. Find out why vaccination is a controversial ...

Video

Daisies describe an ecosystem

Ecosystems are affected by many factors including increasing temperatures, which many scientists believe threaten natural systems on Earth today. This creative clip uses a theoretical world of black and white daisies to show how changes to the natural reflectivity of a planet's surface impacts temperatures and populations. ...

Video

Analysing carbon dioxide

Dr Paul Fraser has been part of the Greenhouse Gas team at the CSIRO for over 40 years. His team measures the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, by taking and analysing air samples from different locations around the world. Paul explains that there are a number of versions of carbon dioxide, made up of different isomers ...

Video

Check the pH before jumping into this wetland!

Can you imagine a wetland so acidic that its pH levels are similar to the acid in a car battery? It's part of a problem that scientists call acid mud. In this clip from 2008, see how it forms and what scientists are doing to better understand this environmental disaster.

Video

Ecological effects of bushfires

Did you know that Australia is the most flammable continent on Earth? Watch this clip to discover how bushfires impact natural ecosystems, and how the increasing global threat of bushfires may affect Australia. Australian scientists explain the ecological consequences of fire and a US expert describes his concerns for the future.

Video

The Great Barrier Reef debate

How do we balance protecting the environment and allowing mining-related activities near World Heritage listed areas? In this clip you will see underwater footage of marine life on the Great Barrier Reef and images of liquefied natural gas (LNG) processing and shipping operations on the Queensland coast. Listen to the issues ...

Video

Climate and bushfires in Australia

What can science tell us about the major cause of bushfires in Australia's past? How can it help us predict future bushfires? Two scientists discuss evidence related to bushfire regimes (bushfire patterns, types and intensity). Please note that this clip contains recent images of homes destroyed by fire that may disturb ...

Interactive

Tectonics investigator

Investigate the internal structure of the Earth using earthquake measurements. Examine the Earth’s outer layer. Fit the Earth's tectonic plates together like a jigsaw puzzle. Identify how plate movements produce many features of the Earth’s surface. Predict the formation of new volcanic islands. This learning object is ...

Video

Sumatran tigers and paper mills

How might filling your printer with paper be affecting the survival of tigers? Watch this compelling clip to find out about the plight of Sumatran tigers in the wild, and explore the connection between them and paper mills. You will also discover how product labels might not always tell the complete story.

Video

TEDMED: Are we ready for a Declaration of Food Interdependence?

This is a video clip of TEDMED speaker Ashley Atkinson describing a community program that promotes growing food together to transform the environment and to address issues of declining access to affordable, fresh produce. The video focuses on how the program, Keep Growing Detroit, provides resources to assist in the establishment ...

Video

TEDMED: What is the source of all life?

This is a video clip of a TEDMED speaker, Howard Shapiro, presenting ideas about improving the nutritional value of plants to address malnutrition and the food requirements of a growing world population. The clip emphasises that poor nutrition has negative health and developmental effects on children, particularly those ...

Online

Interdependence in the environment

Within an ecosystem there are interdependent relationships between the species of that environment which are recognised and understood in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ecological knowledge and practices. This classroom activity provides students with the opportunity to develop science understanding of the interdependencies ...

Interactive

2024 Dreaming

Explore options for houses, work, food and transport in 2024 in this multimedia presentation from Radio National. A useful resource for stimulating discussion about applications of science and implications for society and the environment as well as current issues and developments in science. Gives examples of how different ...

Video

Interested in solving the world's future challenges?

Have you ever looked at tall buildings or massive bridges and wondered what keeps them standing? Or have you wondered why these structures have been designed the way they have? Alexandra Devlin is a civil and environmental engineering student at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS) and these are the questions that ...

Video

How does nanotechnology work?

What is nanotechnology? Watch as Dr Kay Latham explains why scientists are interested in working at the nanoscale. What have researchers been able to design using their understanding of nanotechnology? And how might nanotechnology be used in the future?

Online

The Conversation - Understanding immunisation and vaccination

A series of articles about vaccination and immunisation including: explanations on so-called ‘herd immunity’; myth-busting; the research on the claims made by those who are anti-vaccination; and case studies of immunisation against polio, small pox, HIV, influenza, measles, and others. Each article is about 600-800 words.The ...

Online

Popcorn, pikelets and chemical reactions: Connected Learning Experience

In this Connected Learning Experience students explore important chemical reactions such as neutralisation and combustion and their application in our world. They students will review the signs that indicate a chemical reaction has taken place and then apply this knowledge to their investigations.

Audio

Diabetes type 2 cured by surgery ABC Radio national

Download the audio or view the transcript of this ABC radio program. It is an excellent example of how approaching a problem from a different perspective and with an open mind may result in an amazing solution. Richard Stubbs, and New Zealand scientist, claims type 2 diabetes is a disease of the gut. If his hypothesis is ...

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Channel country

This ABC In Depth feature article is a case study provides a useful contrast to the irrigation developed in the Ord River. Over ten years ago Cooper Creek escaped large-scale irrigation when scientists and graziers banded together to protest the plan. But has time and more research borne out that decision? This resource ...

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Rainforest fruit power

This ABC In Depth feature article discusses human potential use rainforest fruit-bearing plants and the need to maintain biodiversity. Many biotic interactions that effect reproduction and dispersal are described. Issues about using seed banks to try to maintain biodiversity are discussed.