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Science / Year 7 / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Predictable phenomena on Earth, including seasons and eclipses, are caused by the relative positions of the sun, Earth and the moon (ACSSU115)

Elaborations
  • investigating natural phenomena such as lunar and solar eclipses, seasons and phases of the moon
  • comparing times for the rotation of Earth, the sun and moon, and comparing the times for the orbits of Earth and the moon
  • modelling the relative movements of the Earth, sun and moon and how natural phenomena such as solar and lunar eclipses and phases of the moon occur
  • explaining why different regions of the Earth experience different seasonal conditions
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Orbits,  Seasons

Video

An eclipse of the Moon

The phases of the Moon and lunar eclipses occur due to the Moon's orbit of Earth, and its position in relation to both the Earth and the Sun. Watch this animation showing a model of the Moon's orbit, its phases and a lunar eclipse. Discover what a total lunar eclipse is and what causes the red colour of a 'blood moon'.

Video

What is El Nino?

The Bureau of Meteorology has just announced that Australia has now moved from a La Niña weather pattern, to an El Niño weather pattern. But what does that mean? And what impact could it have on Australian farmers? Let's find out!

Video

At the planetarium: Why do the stars move across the sky?

If you stand still and look up at the night sky for hours on end, you'll notice that the stars will move across the sky westwards. The truth is, it's not the stars that are moving, it's us! Do you know how the Earth moves in space? What do we orbit?

Video

At the planetarium: Phases of the moon

Can you name the different phases of the moon? Watch this video and learn about the phases, how long a full lunar cycle is and why the moon looks larger at times.

Video

Aurora Australis

Aurora Borealis, also called the 'Northern Lights' and Aurora Australis, also called the 'Southern Lights' are spectacular light shows that illuminate the sky. What exactly are auroras and how are they created? Learn about the role of the sun and the Earth's magnetic fields in creating these light displays.

Video

A long history of the Moon

The Moon is a familiar object in the night sky and impacts life on Earth as it orbits our planet. Watch this animation showing how the moon has changed since its formation 4.5 billion years ago. See how the Moon's surface altered over time as volcanoes and asteroids created the basins and craters present on the Moon today.

Video

Is the supermoon really super?

Does the Moon ever appear bigger and brighter in the night sky? Find out as astronomer Tanya Hill from the Melbourne Planetarium explains why we sometimes see a 'supermoon'.

Video

The Moon landing

Some say landing on the moon is as one of humanity's greatest achievements. Learn about the history of the moon landing and some of the challenges faced by scientists. See actual footage of the astronauts on the moon as part of the Apollo 11 mission.

Video

Science Years 7–8 with Diana: Day and night

In this lesson, you will use a model to learn how night and day occur. Diana will also teach you how the Earth rotates and revolves in space, and then she’ll show you how to make your own model to answer the question: “How do day and night occur?”

Interactive

Seasons

Control the motion of the Earth in its orbit around the Sun. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine seasons in the different hemispheres. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine day length in the different hemispheres. Examine the heating effect of the Sun. Compare seasons ...

Interactive

DIY Sun Science - iTunes app

Try some hands on investigations that relate to learning about the Sun. Follow step-by-step procedures, read through explanations to find out why things happened and also view related video clips. Free when reviewed on 12/5/2015.

Interactive

NASA: Eyes Eclipse 2017

This interactive 3D simulation of the total eclipse of August 21st, 2017 enables users to navigate to different locations to watch a simulation of what the eclipse would look like from that area from start to finish. The simulation is available as a web and desktop applications suitable for most devices.

Interactive

My solar system

This is an interactive resource exploring the orbital motion of a system of planets. Using the orbital simulation, students can build their own system of planets and watch the gravitational ballet. They can set initial positions, velocities, and masses of 2, 3, or 4 bodies, and then see them orbit each other. This interactive ...

Interactive

Kamay – looking up

This resource explores the navigation techniques used during the journey of the Endeavour and contrasts these with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander navigational and astronomical systems that have been in place for many thousands of years. This learning sequence contains activities suitable for Year 7 - Year 10 science ...

Online

How the Rubber Meets the Road

Lesson focuses on how engineers design tyre treads to increase safety and reliability. Students are presented with the challenge of designing a new tyre tread that will be safe when driving in rainy conditions. Student teams will design and construct a sample tread out of clay, then test and evaluate the effectiveness of ...

Video

From Stonehenge to STEREO

Humans have been studying the sun for a long time, possibly because life on Earth is directly influenced by the sun. Why is the sun so vital to life on Earth? Think about what would happen to life on Earth if the sun didn't exist.

Interactive

Satellites

Students use this resource consisting of eight slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to understand that the moon is a natural satellite of the Earth and how satellites stay in orbit around the Earth. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Online

Dark side of the moon: Connected Learning Experience (CLE)

This Connected Learning Experience is designed to investigate how understanding of the Earth and the moon has changed over time by examining the validity of the common anecdotal reference to ‘the dark side of the moon’. In the process the students discover why the moon undergoes a cyclic change in appearance over the course ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: Twilight zone

In this sequence of learning, students investigate the significant variation in sunlight hours that occur across Antarctica and in comparison to other locations on Earth. They interpret graphs of daylight hours and compare daylight and darkness received by places at different locations across Antarctica, Australia and the ...

Video

Earthshine

This six and a half minute video segment from Catalyst explains Earthshine as light from our own Earth reflected back from the Moon's dark side. A PhD student is studying it to learn about how light reflects from a planet that contains liquid water as well as land. Her work may one day lead to the discovery of other planets ...