Science / Year 7 / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Some of Earth’s resources are renewable, including water that cycles through the environment, but others are non-renewable (ACSSU116)

  • considering what is meant by the term ‘renewable’ in relation to the Earth’s resources
  • considering timescales for regeneration of resources
  • comparing renewable and non-renewable energy sources, including how they are used in a range of situations
  • considering the water cycle in terms of changes of state of water
  • investigating factors that influence the water cycle in nature
  • exploring how human management of water impacts on the water cycle
ScOT terms

Natural resources,  Renewable energy,  Nonrenewable resources


Using water sustainably through science

This teacher resource is a sequence of activities for investigating water resources. The material assists with planning, implementing and assessing a study of how water resources are managed. It covers how water resources are used and shared, particularly by food producers; the impact of changing weather and climate; and ...


Smart water - Precision irrigation

This is a unit of work about water management in Australian agriculture. It focuses on the design and role of automated irrigation systems, what they consist of, and the savings in water use and increases in productivity they can deliver. The unit has five main topics: the Murray-Darling Basin; types of watering and irrigation ...


Clean energy: lesson ideas

This teacher resource provides an extensive list of suggested classroom activities that can be used to explore ideas related to clean energy sources, energy conservation and energy efficiency. The activities are grouped by learning area: science/technology, mathematics, SOSE/humanities, English, the arts, health and physical ...


About wind energy

This resource is a web page containing information about using wind energy to generate electricity. It gives a brief description, with an annotated diagram, of how a wind turbine is used to generate electricity, and provides information about wind energy production and use in Australia. There is a link to a printable PDF ...


Activity: coal-fired class debate

This is a web resource about reducing reliance on coal-fired power that provides a student activity accompanied by a teacher guide. It describes a class activity in which students debate the best way to reduce reliance on coal as a source of electricity. The activity requires students to research supporting evidence based ...


The USGS Water Science School

This resource is a website with extensive information about water, including the water cycle, water properties, surface water and groundwater, droughts, floods and tsunamis, and water quality. It also includes a section on hydroelectricity. There is an emphasis on data from the USA. The resource includes a photo gallery, ...


Activity: from audit to solution

This is a web resource about implementing an energy reduction plan in a school or business that includes a teacher guide and student worksheet. It describes a student activity involving carrying out an energy audit in discussion with school or business leadership. The activity requires students to produce a report with ...


Energy game: SMART Notebook

Interactive game to be played following the 'What is energy?' Notebook and assessing students' knowledge of energy sources - renewable and non-renewable and the possible effect on the environment. The game may be played by two groups on IWB, or pairs of students on a computer.


Sites2See: Sustainable transport

A single web page resource developed with the NRMA containing links to sites and other resources about hybrid vehicles, low emission fuels and sustainable transport.


The price of peak fuel

This ABC In Depth feature article discusses the projections of how long will our energy resources will last given that our need for fossil fuels is insatiable, but coal, oil, gas and uranium reserves are finite and some may even be in decline. This article is comprehensive, but it is dated at 2008.


Solar thermal electricity

This program gives an update on research into solar thermal electricity. Liddell Power Station in the Hunter Valley, NSW is a hybrid power station using solar energy to pre-heat water and so reduce the use of coal and the production of carbon dioxide. Some scientists claim that harnessing the solar heat in an area 50km ...


Thermal comfort – sustainability action process (Years 7–10)

This thermal comfort learning resource will guide students through an extended school based investigation. Students will develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and reflect on their success and their learning.


MoneySmart: Should I drink bottled water?

This unit of work gives students opportunities to develop an understanding of the importance of water for the environment and potable water for human consumption. Students will consider water availability and use from an individual, national and international perspective; explain the natural processes in the water cycle ...


About hydroelectricity

This resource is a web page contains information about generating electricity using the energy of flowing water. It gives a brief description, with an annotated diagram, of the way in which the potential energy of water in a dam can be used to drive a turbine to generate electricity. It also provides information about hydroelectric ...


Activity: evaluating energy saving technology

This is a web resource that provides a student activity involving evaluating technologies that can reduce the use of non-renewable energy resources, accompanied by a teacher guide. The activity requires students to research and evaluate a particular technology such as solar panels or wind turbines and produce a diagram ...


Water: learn it for life! - year 7 science

This PDF unit of work is one of a series of resources accessible by searching the list in the series.It includes two teaching and learning sequences: 'Water journeys' focuses on the water cycle, and 'Pure water' focuses on the processes and people involved in creating and managing drinkable water. It provides Australian ...


About solar thermal energy

This resource is a web page containing information about using the Sun's heat to generate electricity. It gives a brief description, with an annotated diagram, of focusing the Sun's rays with mirrors to heat a liquid to create steam, which can be used to drive a turbine to generate electricity. It also provides information ...


What does the Sun give us?

This is a resource for teachers about the energy that the Sun provides. It is a lesson plan with five experiments and background information. The experiments include: designing an effective pizza box solar oven; designing an Earth-Sun simulator in order to learn how solar energy is distributed around the Earth; measuring ...


About marine energy

This resource is a web page containing information about using the ocean's currents, tides or waves to generate electricity. It gives a brief description, with annotated diagrams, of one system that uses the movement of water to push hydraulic pistons which drive turbines. It also provides information about the potential ...


About bioenergy

This resource is a web page that includes information on clean energy sources including generating electricity using waste organic matter (biomass). Using sugar-cane offcuts as an example, the resource gives a brief description of one way in which organic waste can be used to generate electricity. It defines the terms bioenergy, ...