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Science / Year 10 / Science Understanding / Chemical sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The atomic structure and properties of elements are used to organise them in the Periodic Table (ACSSU186)

Elaborations
  • recognising that elements in the same group of the periodic table have similar properties
  • describing the structure of atoms in terms of electron shells
  • explaining how the electronic structure of an atom determines its position in the periodic table and its properties
  • investigating the chemical activity of metals
ScOT terms

Properties of matter,  Atoms

Video

Precious metals

Why are some metals prized more for jewellery than others? Listen to presenter Bernie Hobbs explain the chemical reaction that affects the look and durability of metals. Using the periodic table and some dazzling computer graphics, Bernie demonstrates why 'oxygen-proof, low-reactivity, transition metals' such as gold keep ...

Video

Amazing materials from rearranged carbon atoms

Explore the different forms (allotropes) of the chemical element carbon. You will be surprised at how different the allotropes are.Meet key scientists, such as Harry Kroto, who have made amazing discoveries about new forms of carbon. Visualise how the atoms and outer electrons are arranged in different forms, so you can ...

Interactive

Build an atom

This is an interactive resource that allows students to build an atom out of protons, neutrons, and electrons, and see how the element, charge, and mass change. Students can view the atoms using the electron shell model or cloud model. A small set of games give students the opportunity to review their understanding of how ...

Interactive

Atomic structure

This is an interactive resource about ion formation, isotopes, and electron orbital placement. Students construct models of atoms with properties of particular mass and charge; create models of atoms with different stabilities by adding or subtracting neutrons, protons, and electrons to a model atom; and determine that ...

Interactive

Sites2See: Light and Matter

Links to resources to explore fundamental questions about light and matter and the application of the physics of light and matter to the past, the future and to space. Includes a quick quiz, links to additional DEC NSW physics resources and to the International Science School at the University of Sydney.

Interactive

Oresome elements

This resource is an interactive game in which floating symbols, representing the chemical elements, are dragged into their correct position on a Periodic Table of Elements. Players can click on the elements in the table to alternate between its name and symbol; and double click to see some of its properties and uses. This ...

Video

Nano-engineering: science fiction or reality?

Explore the amazing field of nano-engineering. Imagine being able to construct molecular-sized machines that could do specific tasks like carrying out nano-surgery on damaged cell structures in your body. Decide for yourself what might be possible and what might just be science fiction.

Video

Surviving a bed of nails

Watch the Surfing Scientist, Reuben Meerman, and Dr Karl persuade Adam Spencer to lie on a bed of nails and then use science and maths to explain what happens. Check out what happens next when they smash a concrete block on his stomach while he's lying on the bed of nails.

Video

Forensics track drugs back to their origin

Scientists are helping police to identify the place of origin of illicit drugs that arrive on Australian shores. Watch this clip to find out how scientific analysis, computer databases and police investigation are used together to determine the source of drugs such as cocaine. Discover that international efforts are involved ...

Video

Can photons and atoms generate laser?

Electrons around atoms can absorb and emit photons of particular colours of light – see three different atomic models explain what's going on.

Video

Gamma rays and space balloons

Have you ever wondered how scientists know so much about the universe when it's too far away to see and no one has ever been there? It's not just by using telescopes based on Earth. Watch as an international team of astrophysicists and engineers attempt to launch a balloon high into the atmosphere, loaded with expensive ...

Video

Exploring nanotechnology

Peter Binks, CEO of Nanotechnology Victoria, answers the question 'How does nanotechnology work?' Discover what nanotechnology is and see several examples in action, such as scratch-resistant paint used in the car industry. Consider future applications of nanotechnology in areas such as sports, health care, clothing and cleaning.

Interactive

Radiant energy flow

This is an interactive resource allowing students to explore the energy balance between incoming and outgoing radiation on the earth. Students use a simulation to control the amounts of carbon dioxide and clouds present and learn how these factors can influence global temperature. They record results using snapshots of ...

Interactive

Greenhouse gases

This is an interactive resource in which students use a simulation to explore how the earth's atmosphere affects the energy balance between incoming and outgoing radiation. Using an interactive model, students adjust realistic parameters such as how many clouds are present or how much carbon dioxide is in the air, and watch ...

Interactive

Greenhouse effect in a greenhouse

This is an interactive resource in which students collect real data and relate changes in sunlight to the temperature of air trapped in a container. Students build a miniature 'greenhouse' out of a plastic container and plastic wrap, fill it with different materials and observe the effect this has on temperature. Students ...

Interactive

Greenhouse light and temperature

This is an interactive resource exploring how changes in sunlight relate to the temperature of air trapped in a container. Students make a miniature greenhouse and measure the light levels at different 'times of day' modeled by changing the angle of a lamp. They record and analyse data to explore how a greenhouse works ...

Text

Liquefied natural gas

Find out what liquefied natural gas (LNG) is and how it is produced and used. This is an information sheet describing the characteristics of LNG as well as how LNG is processed, stored, transported and used. It includes an image of an LNG tanker.

Video

Coal-fired power stations

Find out how a coal-fired power station makes electricity. This animated video in 11 parts shows the components and processes in a coal-fired power station. The narration explains what happens at each stage. Most of the statistical information and examples relate to locations in Queensland.

Interactive

Digestion Part 3 (sk- Intel)

This brief resource consists of 4 sets of illustrated slides with voice over presenting information about the properties of enzymes and their role during digestion.

Video

Electron Microscope

This 6 minute video segment from Catalyst demonstrates some electron microscopes that are powerful enough to read a newspaper as far away as the moon and the many challenges in making this sort of power possible.