Science / Year 10 / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences

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Curriculum content descriptions

Global systems, including the carbon cycle, rely on interactions involving the biosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere (ACSSU189)

Elaborations
  • investigating how human activity affects global systems
  • modelling a cycle, such as the water, carbon, nitrogen or phosphorus cycle within the biosphere
  • explaining the causes and effects of the greenhouse effect
  • investigating the effect of climate change on sea levels and biodiversity
  • considering the long-term effects of loss of biodiversity
  • investigating currently occurring changes to permafrost and sea ice and the impacts of these changes
  • examining the factors that drive the deep ocean currents, their role in regulating global climate, and their effects on marine life
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Atmosphere,  Earth structure,  Biogeochemical cycles

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Climate science analysis from The Conversation

This is a collection of articles about climate science. It includes articles about modelling, explanations about heat trends, predictions about sea level rise, and why the science about climate change is clear. The articles are written in plain language and are authored by experts from universities in Australia and around ...

Online

Ocean data

This is a collection of eight digital curriculum resources about ocean data relating to the flow of matter in ecosystems. The collection comprises three images, two videos and three datasets. Images provide maps of ocean gyres, salinity and surface currents. The videos show scientists explaining the use of computer models, ...

Video

Plants and increased levels of carbon dioxide

We know that most plants use carbon dioxide to make their own food. So what might plants look like in 100 years if carbon dioxide levels continue to increase - will they become enormous and overtake our backyards? View the possible effects of changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide on plants and, in turn, humans and other animals.

Video

Polar bear survival

Do you know what is threatening the survival of the world's largest land carnivore? Watch this clip of a polar bear as it moves across the Arctic ice, and find out about what is happening in its icy world. The World Wildlife Fund's Margaret Williams explains the feeding habits and adaptations of the polar bear, and identifies ...

Video

Scientists working with farmers

What is the link between science and farming? Watch a high-tech computer application that lifts farm productivity and profitability. Discover how important new technologies have become for farmers as the agricultural industry cries out for more trained scientists.

Video

Keeping up with carbon

What is the carbon cycle and how does it affect climate? Find out in this fascinating clip from NASA, produced to celebrate Earth Science Week 2009.

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One man's trash is another man's treasure

This resource is a webpage about Australian research into reducing methane emissions from cattle by using a waste by-product from vineyards in their feed. It contains a brief outline of the project and a link to a website that contains a text article, images, an audio file and a video and that describes the research in ...

Interactive

EarthViewer - iTunes app

Journey through geological time and discover changes on Earth from the Hadean time, more than 4.5 billion years ago, through to today. Find out about plate tectonics, continental movement, atmospheric conditions, life on Earth, extinction events, fossil sites and much more. Contains many features which include allowing ...

Interactive

Global change - iTunes app

Explores the global carbon and water cycles as well as the role that plants play in these cycles with particular emphasis on the stomata in the leaves. Also looks at human impact on these cycles and the climate. Includes videos, simulations showing changes over time, graphs, maps and a detailed glossary section. Free when ...

Interactive

Greenhouse light and temperature

This is an interactive resource exploring how changes in sunlight relate to the temperature of air trapped in a container. Students make a miniature greenhouse and measure the light levels at different 'times of day' modeled by changing the angle of a lamp. They record and analyse data to explore how a greenhouse works ...

Interactive

Radiant energy flow

This is an interactive resource allowing students to explore the energy balance between incoming and outgoing radiation on the earth. Students use a simulation to control the amounts of carbon dioxide and clouds present and learn how these factors can influence global temperature. They record results using snapshots of ...

Video

Seals help climate research

Discover how seals are helping scientists study Antarctica, polar regions, oceans and climate change. Scientists use Weddell and southern elephant seals to gather data and monitor the way currents move heat around the world's oceans.

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Massive hole in ozone layer

Imagine life on Earth without the protective ozone layer in the atmosphere absorbing dangerous UV rays. Scientists predicted that this would be the scenario by 2060 if nothing was done to reduce CFC emissions. But this is a good news story: in 1987, by agreeing to implement the Montreal Protocol that limited CFC emissions, ...

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Interconnectedness of land and sea

There are many ways in which land and sea are connected. Learn how the waste we produce on land has huge consequences on marine life and other animals that depend on the sea. How does this waste come back to impact us on land? Did you know phytoplankton is not only responsible for about 50 per cent of the air we breathe, ...

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Declining forests of Giant Kelp

Imagine diving between giant kelp that reach more than 30 metres from the bottom of the ocean to the surface. The east coast of Tasmania is one of the few places in the world where these underwater forests exist. But how much longer will they survive? Watch this clip to find out why these magnificent ecosystems are disappearing ...

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Polar explorer observes Arctic melt, 2009

An Australian polar explorer describes his experience and observations of the Arctic following a three-month expedition around Greenland. Onboard Greenpeace's MV 'Arctic Sunrise' in 2009, Eric Philips saw at firsthand the conditions of the ice in the Arctic. Listen as Eric describes the changes he has seen after many yearly ...

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Carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases

Have you heard of greenhouse gases? What do you think they are? (The word 'greenhouse' is a big clue!) The delicate balance of greenhouse gases has been affected by the addition of an unprecedented amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) to our atmosphere in the last 150 years. Watch this video to find out how CO2 is being added ...

Interactive

Sunlight, infrared, carbon dioxide and the ground

This is an interactive resource about how solar radiation interacts with Earth's surface and atmosphere. Students explore how solar radiation interacts with the Earth and its atmosphere to cause global warming. They use a molecular level model to watch the effects of sunlight and infrared radiation on the ground and on ...

Interactive

Greenhouse gases

This is an interactive resource in which students use a simulation to explore how the earth's atmosphere affects the energy balance between incoming and outgoing radiation. Using an interactive model, students adjust realistic parameters such as how many clouds are present or how much carbon dioxide is in the air, and watch ...

Interactive

Greenhouse effect in a greenhouse

This is an interactive resource in which students collect real data and relate changes in sunlight to the temperature of air trapped in a container. Students build a miniature 'greenhouse' out of a plastic container and plastic wrap, fill it with different materials and observe the effect this has on temperature. Students ...