Design and technologies / Year 7 and 8 / Design and Technologies Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Analyse ways to produce designed solutions through selecting and combining characteristics and properties of materials, systems, components, tools and equipment (ACTDEK034)

Elaborations
  • investigating aspects of technologies specialisations, for example in architecture, critiquing the design of an existing building to identify features of passive design or in fashion, evaluating the sustainability of different fibres
  • investigating and selecting from a broad range of technologies − materials, systems, components, tools and equipment − when designing for a range of technologies contexts
  • considering the ways in which the characteristics and properties of technologies will impact on designed solutions, for example the choice of building materials and housing design in Australia and the countries of Asia; the properties of textile fibres and fabrics determine end use
  • considering safe work practices, for example producing a safety information video that details risk management practices for using a piece of equipment in the classroom or within a community
  • evaluating products and services for the individual and the community considering ethics and social factors, for example a short video encouraging individuals to increase their use of public transport in the local area
  • evaluating environments that have been designed in consultation with community groups, for example a bush tucker community garden developed in consultation with local Elders
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • ICT capability Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capability
ScOT terms

Materials,  Fibres (Materials),  Engineering,  Tools

Video

How to create a robot from recycled parts

Have you ever wanted to try your hands at robotics but thought it might be too costly? Never fear - you can create robots out of recycled materials! Find out what kind of materials you might need to create a robot capable of movement and speech. Do you think you will be able to find these materials in recycling centres? ...

Video

What is a joggobot?

Robots have traditionally been used to perform tasks that humans don't want to or cannot do. In recent years, however, robot technology has looked at robots as companions. How do you feel about this? Do you think robots could ever replace human or even animal companionship? Why/why not?

Video

Patterns for personalising your clothes

If you use paper patterns to make clothes that fit your body size and shape correctly, you get the added advantage of a unique garment that you won't see others wearing. See how to make a garment by downloading patterns from the internet and using them as a template for the fabric you have chosen.

Video

Robot wars!

At the Robotics and Electronics Club of James Cook University, electronics enthusiasts have created robot vehicles to challenge for the smash 'em up drag race title. Witness these robots in action around a circuit, and listen as the club president describes the activity's purpose. Discover some everyday applications of ...

Video

Zero emission cities of the future

Can you imagine future cities designed to be self-sufficient and to incorporate innovative ways to use new materials and energy systems? Watch this animation to find out how the creation of zero emission cities involves some serious questions about possible social, economic, and political implications. Discover the role ...

Video

School robot rescue!

Could you create a robot for a dangerous rescue mission? As part of the Da Vinci Programme at Holy Cross College, students built and programmed their own robot to follow a line through obstacles and rescue a ‘casualty' at a simulated chemical spill.

Video

Curious about how things work?

Are you interested in how things work? Ever wondered what the insides of an iron or a hairdryer or a radio look like? Instead of throwing your appliances out when they break, why don't you try taking them apart and investigating what they're made of. How do the various parts fit together? And what do you think they all do?

Video

Shining the light on a more sustainable globe

Artificial lighting methods have changed with the invention of new lighting technologies designed to be more energy efficient and to reduce the use of resources. Since electricity has been used as an energy source, incandescent and fluorescent globes and, more recently, light emitting diodes (LEDs) have been used in our ...

Video

Different paper plane designs

How many different paper plane designs are there? Lots! Watch as Dylan Parker, paper plane expert, demonstrates some of his favourites. Notice the way the different shapes and features of the planes cause them to move through the air in different ways. Which one do you like the most? Why not have a go at making something similar?

Online

Critical load

This lesson focuses on issues civil engineers face when designing a structure. The activity explores some concepts of structural engineering and how to measure the critical load, or the maximum weight a structure can bear. Students learn about basic structures, how to reinforce, materials selection, and working as a team, ...

Online

Perfect pylons

In this engineering challenge, students are asked to apply their knowledge of materials, forces and structures, build model electrical pylons and test to see how strong their models are.

Video

How to design and build a robot in six weeks!

Evan, a mechanical mentor for FIRST Robotic Competition's 3132 'Thunder Down Under', outlines the processes involved in designing, building and testing a robot in six weeks. What influences the team in their design and building processes? Can you think of anything else that might influence the design and build of the robot ...

Video

Growing carbon nanotubes

Carbon nanotubes are a very tiny but super strong material used in manufacturing to create strong, lightweight products. Besides sporting equipment, find out what other kinds of products are made using these tiny molecules. What other qualities (besides size and strength) do carbon nanotubes have that makes them even more ...

Video

Working with wind power

A wind tunnel is a large tube with wind moving through it. Watch this video to find out about the various applications of a wind tunnel and how new technologies are impacting developments in alternative energy.

Online

Engineer a dam

The "Engineer a Dam" activity and supporting student resources explore the function and engineering of dams and how they have many uses and solve many problems in the world. Students work in teams to engineer their own am structure in a classroom water trough that has the ability to release water in a controlled manner, ...

Interactive

Kitchen gardens – sustainability action process (Years 7–10)

This resource guides students through an extended school-based or local investigation focussed on kitchen gardens using the five-step sustainability action process. The resource supports the investigation of a real-world issue or problem. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and ...

Video

What is architectural engineering?

Do you know what an architect does? How about an engineer? Architects and engineers must work closely together to construct buildings that are both well designed and structurally sound. Watch this video to see how architectural engineering brings together the two fields.

Online

Keeping it cool

How do you prevent a spacecraft designed to orbit the sun from getting too hot? This engineering challenge invites students to design, make and test a capsule to stop chocolate from melting in a high temperature environment.

Interactive

Thermal comfort – sustainability action process (Years 7–10)

This thermal comfort learning resource will guide students through an extended school based investigation. Students will develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and reflect on their success and their learning.

Video

Tractor beam on water

Have you ever dropped something at sea and wished you could control the water flow so that it would bring the object back to you? Scientists at ANU have created a tractor beam on water that can do just that! Watch this video to find out about some of the practical applications of this technology.