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Audio

Sir Henry Parkes's Tenterfield Oration, 1889

What role did Henry Parkes play in the federation of Australia? Listen to a re-enactment of Sir Henry Parkes's famous 1889 speech in Tenterfield, known as the Tenterfield Oration. Note in particular the arguments Parkes used to gain political support.

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Harlem co-op supermarket, 1968

What would you do if you found out that you were being sold inferior groceries, at higher prices, just because of the colour of your skin? Harlem resident Cora Walker explains that this was the situation faced by members of Harlem's African American community in the late 1960s. See how the residents joined together to address ...

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President Sukarno faces political unrest

How long can a president last in the top job when those in the government want him out? In this 1967 news clip, Indonesia's first president, Sukarno, is faced with political opposition. While he is still popular with the people, politicians speculate that he may not be in the job for long. Although Sukarno puts on a brave ...

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History of voting

Australia's first parliamentary election was in 1843. What was different about voting then? When and how did that change to resemble elections we have now? See if you can list the three significant dates in Australia’s history of voting and the changes that occurred on those dates.

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African Americans and 'white man's welfare'

Examine the daily struggle faced by African Americans living in poverty in Harlem in the 1960s. Single mother Kitty Fernelle provides for herself and her three children with the help of welfare (social services payments) and the support of her local church. At the same time, activist African Americans are calling for black ...

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The cycle of urban poverty in Harlem, 1968

What is the cycle of poverty and squalor? Walk with ABC TV's 'Four Corners' program film crew on the streets of Harlem in 1968 as they are taken on a tour of the predominantly African American neighbourhood. Understand the level of poverty and urban squalor that faced African Americans living in Harlem at this time.

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Indonesia's president visits Australia

What happens when the president of Indonesia visits Australia for the first time in 2010? In this clip, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono becomes the first Indonesian president to address the Australian Parliament. His visit is particularly important because he vows to make people smuggling illegal. However, it is almost overshadowed ...

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Gough Whitlam visits Indonesia - part 2

How do you feel when your good ideas are rejected? Is it worse when you're the leader of a country? On his first visit to Indonesia in 1973, Australia's prime minister, Gough Whitlam, finds his proposal for greater regional cooperation rejected. He takes the opportunity of an address to Indonesia's parliament to affirm ...

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Impact of Javanese expansion on Irian Jaya

In the modern world, is it possible to protect an indigenous culture from population growth and economic expansion? This 1995 news report explains that, as migrants make their way from Java to Irian Jaya and mining companies seek to exploit the land, the traditional life of the indigenous Dani people is under threat.

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Australia's 1967 Referendum

Why have the results of the 1967 Referendum had a lasting symbolic significance? Civil rights activist Faith Bandler describes a long and well-organised struggle for the referendum and the reasons for it. Find out what percentage of Australians voted to alter the Constitution so that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ...

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Tension in Jakarta, 1965

Discover what happens when a failed coup (violent overthrow) leaves the Indonesian government in turmoil. This clip shows the government being re-shuffled to reward those who have been loyal to President Sukarno's regime. General Suharto is one of them.

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Megawati Sukarnoputri campaigns for Parliament

Discover what happened when Megawati Sukarnoputri, a member of Indonesia's Democratic Party, took on the country's political leadership in 1995. For the country's Muslim majority and those who were tired of the Suharto regime, Megawati Sukarnoputri and her political party represented the nation's best chance of establishing ...

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Suharto's son 'Tommy' to build the national car

Can you imagine waking up to find out that the nation's leader had decided to give his own son the exclusive right to build and sell the national car? This is exactly what Indonesia's president Suharto did in 1996, when he granted exclusive rights to his son, Hutomo Mandala Putra (Tommy), to produce the 'Timor'.

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African Americans demand change, 1968

Imagine that, like many African Americans growing up before the sweeping changes in America in the 1960s, you cannot eat alongside white people, go to white schools, or even ride in the same part of a public bus, even though slavery was abolished more than a century before. This 1968 clip explores the experience of Mae ...

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Suharto marks the anniversary of 1965 coup attempt

When does a celebration become a political statement? In 1996, President Suharto celebrates the anniversary of the communist coup (violent uprising) that brought him to power. But this is not just about remembering the past. This celebration would allow the president to link his current opposition with a re-emergent communism ...

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President Suharto announces his retirement

Can you imagine living under the same ruler for more than 30 years? In 1994, President Suharto ended decades of controversy when he announced that he would retire in four years, at the end of his current term in office. This clip presents the range of possible successors but it is suggested that the next leader will probably ...

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African American salary disparity, 1968

How does it feel to be paid less than another person doing the same job, because of the colour of your skin? During the 1960s, this was the plight of many professional African Americans who were not paid equally for doing the same work as their white counterparts. Listen to David Dinkins, a New York lawyer, share his experiences.

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Sukarno's rise to power

What happens to the fate of individual countries following a world war? After the end of World War II, the Dutch abandon Indonesia, their former colony. This leaves room for a home-grown hero named Sukarno to return from exile and take the reins. The clip shows the swearing in of Sukarno and the flying of the flag of the ...

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Konfrontasi: Indonesia's undeclared war

How do you distract your citizens from the hardships they face? You give them a common enemy. This clip from 1966 reveals the way in which President Sukarno rallied Indonesians behind an undeclared war against Malaysia, which he painted as a puppet of the United Kingdom.

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Defending civil rights: an activist's perspective

What happens when the members of a society feel like they have no hope? This is the situation faced by members of Harlem's African American community in 1968, who find themselves in a cycle of poverty. Civil rights activists like Al Cook offer a solution to the problem: fight back.