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Listed under:  Society  >  Social relations  >  Conflict (Human relations)  >  War
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The changing roles of women on Anzac Day

How have the stories and observances of Anzac Day changed to include women alongside men? During World War I and the years that followed, women had little involvement in Anzac Day events. In some instances, they were deliberately excluded! This has changed dramatically in recent decades. In this clip, women and men from ...

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Female workers checking soldiers' letters, Kodak factory, c1939-45

This is a sepia photograph of female employees working at the Kodak factory in Abbotsford, Melbourne, during the Second World War. The staff members are sitting in rows at long desks and checking letters in the company's Recordak department. The letters had come from soldiers serving overseas. The photograph's dimensions ...

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Women cutting up letters at the Kodak factory, 1939-45

This is a sepia photograph of women cutting up microfilmed letters with guillotines in the processing laboratories at the Kodak factory in Abbotsford, Melbourne, during the Second World War. The letters had come from soldiers serving overseas. The women are sitting at long wooden desks and the letters are wound onto large ...

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Man digging air-raid shelter in backyard, Auburn, 1940s

This is a black-and-white photograph of a man using a shovel to dig an air-raid shelter in the backyard of a family house in Auburn, Melbourne, during the Second World War. The hole the man is working on is to be lined with wood. A wooden frame is constructed above the hole.

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Young Australian women and Canadian servicemen on an outing, 1944

This is a black-and-white photograph showing Sybil Oakes and her friends during a picnic outing with Canadian servicemen in Sassafras, in the hills outside Melbourne, in 1944. The three men, all in military uniform, are standing with the four young women on a bush track in front of a sign that reads 'Sassafras / Please ...

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Young women playing cards with a US serviceman, 1944

This is a black-and-white photograph showing Pauline Leibig, Norma Knox (nee Leibig) and some of their friends playing cards with a US serviceman in the dining room of the Leibig family home in the Melbourne suburb of West Preston in 1944.

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Letter to Leading Aircraftman Howard Kellehear from Nell, 5 Jan 1942

This is a four-page letter, handwritten on lined paper with four emblems printed along the top edge in red and blue: ACF, RSL, THE SALVATION ARMY and YMCA. It measures 24.7 cm long x 19.6 cm wide.

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Letter to Aircraftman Royce Phillips from Lil, 28 Dec c1941

This is a two-page letter hand-written in ink on blue-lined paper. The paper is yellowed and stained. At the top right is written: '155 A Carlisle St / Glanville SA / December 28th'. The letter is part of a collection of war correspondence at Museum Victoria. the page is 19.70 cm wide x 24.50 cm long.

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War correspondence - letter to Allan from Doreen, 5 Feb 1942

This is a four-page letter hand-written in ink on cream unlined deckle-edged paper. There are some stains on all pages and the fourth page has several large holes. The letter, written on 5 February 1942, is part of a collection of war correspondence at Museum Victoria. The pages are 17.70 cm wide x 22.50 cm long.

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Operating lend-lease machines, 1940s

This is a black-and-white photograph showing two men and a woman working on various industrial machines during World War II. The photograph is in the collection of the US Library of Congress and its caption reads: 'Melbourne, Australia. Beaufort torpedo bomber turret sub-assembly plant. Workmen operating an automatic tool ...

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Assembling Beaufort bomber turrets using lend-lease components, 1940s

This is a black-and-white photograph showing a woman and two men working to assemble bomber turrets during World War II. The photograph is in the collection of the US Library of Congress and its caption reads: 'Melbourne, Australia. Beaufort torpedo bomber turret sub-assembly plant. Men and women workmen putting finishing ...

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Building the Boomerang interceptor fighter using lend-lease components, c1943

This is a black-and-white photograph showing five men building two Boomerang fighters at the Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation's factory at Fishermans Bend in Melbourne. The photograph is in the collection of the US Library of Congress and its caption reads in part: 'High production rate of Australian interceptor aircraft ...

Audio

Townsville air raid, 1942

Australia has never been invaded. Nevertheless, isolated attacks on Australian soil have killed and injured hundreds of people, destroyed property, and made many people fearful of a large-scale invasion. In July 1942, Japanese aircraft attacked Townsville, Queensland, bombing the wharf and the surrounding area. This audio ...

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Rations and coupon shopping

Discover what it was like to go shopping in Australia during World War II. See how people in the 1940s had to live with restrictions on how much they could buy (rationing). Find out how rationing was an attempt to make the distribution of necessary goods, such as food and clothing, equal for everybody.

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Getting around town during the war years

During a fuel crisis, how do most people get around? In Australia during World War II, fuel was rationed (restricted so that people could buy only limited amounts), as it was in very short supply. Car parts were also in limited supply, so they were hard to replace. Hear some accounts of that time and watch footage from ...

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End-of-war celebrations, Sydney, 1945

Have you ever wondered what the end of World War II meant to Australians in 1945? Discover what it was like for those on the streets of Sydney just an hour after the announcement that war in the Pacific was over. Listen to ABC reporter Talbot Duckmanton describe the scenes of jubilation as he broadcasts live from the ABC's ...

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Equipment, more equipment! WW II

How could Australians at home contribute to military success in Africa and Europe during World War II? In this clip from a wartime Movietone newsreel, former Australian Prime Minister Billy Hughes explains the challenges facing the 2nd Australian Imperial Force in 1941. He implores Australians to contribute to the manufacture ...

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Air Raid Precautions at the Sydney GPO in 1942

This is a 1942 photograph showing the air raid protection erected around the old Sydney General Post Office on the corner of Pitt Street and Martin Place. The new post office building is also visible, as are Red Cross posters and signs for a pedestrian refuge (air raid shelter). People can be seen standing and walking in ...

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Bomb site in Darwin, 1942

This is a black-and-white photograph of a group of six Australian soldiers at a bomb site in Darwin, Northern Territory, in 1942. The actual location in Darwin is unidentified. A sign in the foreground says 'DANGER LIVE BOMB', and one of the men is crouching or standing in what could be a bomb crater.

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'Wanted - these men to fight for Australia'

This is a black-and-white recruitment poster designed to encourage Australian men to enlist in the army during the Second World War. It has an illustration of a person's hands holding a notice with the heading 'WANTED - THESE MEN TO FIGHT FOR AUSTRALIA'. There are photographs of six men under the heading, and text below ...