Geography / Year 9 / Geographical Knowledge and Understanding / Unit 1: Biomes and food security

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Curriculum content descriptions

Challenges to food production, including land and water degradation, shortage of fresh water, competing land uses, and climate change, for Australia and other areas of the world (ACHGK063)

Elaborations
  • exploring environmental challenges to food production from land degradation (soil erosion, salinity, desertification), industrial pollution, water scarcity and climate change
  • identifying the impacts on food production from competing land uses (for example, sacred sites, urban and industrial uses, mining, production of food crops for biofuels, production of food crops for livestock, and recreation (such as golf courses))
  • evaluating whether some ways of increasing food production could threaten sustainability
  • investigating the impacts of alterations of biomes on the productivity and availability of staple resources for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (for example, murnong or yam daisy in Victoria)
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Environmental management,  Water resources,  Climate change,  Soil degradation,  Water quality

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Soils: a hidden resource

This is a video about the importance of soil, its role in global food security and the requirements for its sustainable management. Describing soil as a natural resource slow to develop but quickly destroyed, the video points out the increasing demands being placed on soil to feed the world's rising population and the threats ...

Teacher resource

National study guides: Sustainability and Food security- Years 7-10

This is a website containing a range of study guides on sustainability in food production and food security, they include: Water: our most precious resource; Biodiversity: protecting the environment; Greener farming: protecting the environment; Animal health: the science of healthy animals: and Food for the future: Farming ...

Interactive Resource

The virtual farm visit

This is an interactive learning resource about three farms in Australia, the people who farm them, how they go about it and the challenges they face. At the heart of the resource are 60 short videos narrated by the farmers themselves. Almost all the videos have an accompanying fact sheet and one also has a case study. They ...

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Getting your facts straight about water use

We hear a lot about water use in Australia. What are the real statistics about water use? What is the breakdown of water use for different groups across Australia? Watch this clip to find out who uses water and how much, and consider the value of water and the 'return' on this use for the Australian economy. The figures ...

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Food 4 Thought: Geography

This is a series of student activities about world food production and the challenges to global food security. The activities are organised in five lessons that focus on the facts of world food production, the role of world biomes in producing food; the challenge of climate change; the effect of competition for land and ...

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Exploring the production and marketing of seafood: producer video

This is a video about how wild-caught lobsters are processed for export and barramundi are farmed in two South Australian businesses. The first part is presented by Andrew Laurie, the owner of Sky Seafoods, who shows the work of the lobster fishermen who supply him and how the lobsters are processed. He describes how sustainability ...

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Food production in the Murray-Darling Basin

This thirteen and a half minute video highlights the importance of food and fibre production in the Murray Darling Basin. It explores the perspective of the farm families involved in both irrigated and dryland farming and explains how their products are distributed to local, national and global markets. This video also ...

Teacher resource

Climate 4 classrooms

This resource is a teaching and learning website about the large-scale features that determine climate and climate change, and the impact of predicted climate change on different parts of the world. There are 11 topics that are designed to develop students' understanding of the challenges and processes of predicting climate ...

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Sustainable table: the coming famine

This is a website about the key issues related to global food insecurity. It contains sections on the scarcity of primary resources; land degradation; land scarcity; waste; climate change; consequences of inaction; and proposed solutions. Photographs, statistics, graphs, maps and figures support the information. This resource ...

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Food and human wellbeing

This is an online resource about two contrasting Indonesian islands, Bali and Sumba, highlighting the inequalities that exist within Indonesia. The resource compares the rice and rainforests of Bali with the corn and savannah grasslands of the more remote, and less wealthy Sumba, and examines each in terms of the challenges ...

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Food wastage footprint

This is an animated video about the extent of global food wastage, its short- and long-term effects and how it can be minimised. Stating that about one-third of the food produced in the world each year is lost or wasted, the video uses concrete examples to show what this means in terms of land area, water, natural habitats, ...

Teacher resource

Sustainable agriculture

This is a rich multimedia professional learning module for primary and secondary teachers about how sustainable farming can enhance food production and manage natural resources for sustainability. It focuses on four main activities: defining sustainable agriculture; representing its holistic nature; analysing four case ...

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Coastal adaptation: ecosystems

This resource is a video about the consequences of climate change for the vulnerable ecosystems that exist in the water and on land around Australia’s coast. It explains how factors affected by climate change, such as temperature, rainfall, sea level and the chemistry of sea water, can impact on the species within an ecosystem. ...

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Coral forests of the deep

This is a video resource describing the discovery of deep-sea corals living up to 3000 metres below the surface of the ocean in cold, dark waters. The video shows examples of deep-sea corals and some of the diverse marine animals, including commercial fish stock, that depend on the habitat provided by the corals. The video ...

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Sustainable table: organic sceptics

This is a website about organic farming. It contains sections on: the difference between conventional and organic farming; the health benefits associated with eating organic food; the price of organic food; the damage conventional farming causes to the environment; certification of organic food; and feeding the world organically. ...

Teacher resource

The power of food

This is a compilation of three teaching sequences about food security. It includes sections on countries and their levels of food security and insecurity, hunger worldwide, programs working to improve food security, and approaches to food security. It introduces this important global issue and provides source material, ...

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Marla Spivak: Why bees are disappearing

This is a video of a TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design) talk by Professor Marla Spivak about the dramatic decline in the number of bees. The 16-minute video begins with a discussion of why humans should care about bees, including their critical importance for the world's food supply. Professor Spivak explains that ...

Teacher resource

The future of food

Producing enough food to sustain the Earth's population is becoming more of a challenge. As environmental constraints keep tightening, technological innovation may be the answer to future food security. Compare the status of food production and food security in Australia with that of developing nations. Consider some claims ...

Teacher resource

The Murray-Darling Basin: an introduction

This lesson sequence is designed to introduce students to key aspects of the Murray-Darling Basin including the environment, geography, economy, people, history, water cycle and water management challenges. The lesson sequence includes a teacher PowerPoint presentation, separate teacher notes and a student worksheet. This ...

Teacher resource

Water week for schools

This is a rich resource for teachers about water vulnerability including a series of 11 video clips. The resources highlight causes, symptoms and the solutions adopted in some third world countries. Supporting documents include a brief teacher's guide, slideshows, background information and activities. Videos highlight ...