Mathematics / Year 2 / Number and Algebra / Number and place value

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Group, partition and rearrange collections up to 1000 in hundreds, tens and ones to facilitate more efficient counting (ACMNA028)

  • using an abacus to model and represent numbers
  • understanding three-digit numbers as comprised of hundreds, tens and ones/units
  • demonstrating and using models such as linking blocks, sticks in bundles, place-value blocks and Aboriginal bead strings and explaining reasoning
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Place value,  Counting,  Associativity


MoneySmart: Kieren's coin

This is a year 2 mathematics unit of work about money. The unit is intended to take about 10 hours of teaching and learning time. It consists of 11 student activities supported by teacher notes on curriculum, pedagogy and assessment. Student activities include responding to a story about a rare foreign coin, interacting ...


Sites2See – number for primary

Selected links to a range of interactive online resources for the study of number in Foundation to Year 6 Mathematics.


reSolve: Authentic Problems: What's For Lunch?

This sequence of four lessons invites students to investigate how many of a chosen food item are eaten at their school in a year. Students identify the mathematical knowledge they need to find how many of the selected items they eat in a year and devise a plan to find the total number, using grouping, partitioning and repeated ...


reSolve: Place Value Cards

This sequence of two lessons explores the multiplicative place value properties of numbers. Students learn to represent numbers up to 1000 as multiples of 100s, 10s and 1s. Students skip count according to random arrangements of place value cards and explore whether the order of the cards affects the totals. They then use ...


reSolve: Counting Large Collections

This lesson engages students in investigating how to count a large number of objects. Students are encouraged to think of efficient counting strategies and effective ways to keep track of their count. They explore unitising, leading to an opportunity to explore the patterns formed and build an understanding of place value. ...


Chinese abacus, c1900

This is a rectangular wooden abacus (15.5 cm x 29 cm x 2.5 cm), made in about 1900. It has two decks (divided horizontally by the beam) of 13 rods inserted vertically in the frame. On the bottom deck there are five wooden beads on each rod and on the top deck there are two beads on each rod. The abacus has a removable wooden ...


Wishball challenge: tens

Challenge your understanding of place value in whole numbers up to 99. Receive a starting number, such as 86, and work towards turning it into a target number, such as 18, within 20 turns. Spin a random digit, choose its decimal place value and use the given operation (either addition or subtraction) on your starting number. ...


Counting games - years 1 and 2

This is a teacher resource that includes a set of student activities including counting games, focusing on numbers to 100, accompanied by copy masters and a detailed teacher guide for each activity. The games include the Korean number counting game sam yew gew - referred to as 'sam-yuk-gu' in the Australian Curriculum. ...


What is an abacus?

An abacus is a tool that helps people solve maths problems. Why might some people still use, and encourage the use of, an abacus when there are more contemporary tools like calculators?


TIMES Module 2: Number and Algebra: addition and subtraction - teacher guide

This is a 29-page guide for teachers. The module introduces addition and subtraction of whole numbers.


TIMES Module 1: Number and Algebra: counting and place value - teacher guide

This is a 16-page guide for teachers. It is a module introducing the concept of place value.


TIMES Module 3: Number and Algebra: multiplication and division - teacher guide

This is a 23-page guide for teachers. This module contains a description of suitable models for multiplication, a discussion of the type of problem phrased in words that requires multiplication for its solution, and mental and written strategies for multiplication. The use of the commutative, associative and distributive ...


Zero the hero

What is the role of zero as a placeholder for large numbers such as 1 million, 1 billion and 1 trillion? Find out about the notion of place value and powers of ten through the act of bead counting.


Street steppin'

Can you count to eight? Dance along with these street dancers as they step out a dance to count to eight. How good are your dance moves?


Number trains

Arrange train carriages according to numbers on their sides. The numbers are represented in a range of formats such as words, numerals, dice dots or counting frames. Identify the numbers that come before and after starting numbers. Begin with numbers up to ten. Move on to work with larger numbers such as 40 and 50. Practise ...


The number partner: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for breaking up numbers into pairs of smaller numbers, eg 15 = 11 + 4. Work through examples of whole number pairs and sample questions. Apply these principles to solve additions or subtractions.


Wishball challenge: hundreds

Challenge your understanding of place value in whole numbers up to 999. Receive a starting number, such as 328, and work towards turning it into a target number, such as 177, within 20 turns. Spin a random digit, choose its decimal place value and use the given operation (either addition or subtraction) on your starting ...


The difference bar: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains how to split up numbers in your head when finding the difference between two numbers such as 26 and 73. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to use linear partitioning techniques. Find the difference between pairs of numbers. Split ...


Wishball: hundreds

Test your understanding of place value with three-digit numbers. Start with a three-digit whole number such as 507. A spinner provides a randomly generated digit. Choose its place value and add it to (or subtract it from) your starting number. Work towards a given target number, say 539, using other digits. You can choose ...


Primary mathematics: games, simulations and modelling

These seven learning activities, which focus on 'games, simulations and modelling' using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers use games, ...