Mathematics / Year 5 / Measurement and Geometry / Location and transformation

Curriculum content descriptions

Describe translations, reflections and rotations of two-dimensional shapes. Identify line and rotational symmetries (ACMMG114)

  • identifying and describing the line and rotational symmetry of a range of two-dimensional shapes, by manually cutting, folding and turning shapes and by using digital technologies
  • identifying the effects of transformations by manually flipping, sliding and turning two-dimensional shapes and by using digital technologies
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Translation (Geometry),  Reflection (Geometry),  Rotation


reSolve: Transformations - Frieze patterns

This sequence of three lessons explores transformation and symmetry by engaging students in the design of friezes. Students are introduced to simple friezes, how reflections, rotations and translations are combined to create design elements, explore real frieze examples from furnishings in Parliament House and tyres, then ...


Axial Symmetry

An interactive applet in which students explore the effect of reflection in a variety of axes.


MathXplosion, Ep 34: Kite symmetry

Unfurl the secret of symmetry used in kites to make them fly! A kite in geometry looks a lot like a kite in the sky. We see that a kite is a special quadrilateral in which one of its two diagonals (long and short) is also its axis of symmetry, and if you fold the kite along that diagonal, the two halves will match up exactly ...


Photo hunt: level 4

Explore visual perspectives of solids such as cylinders, spheres, cones and cuboids. Match a 2D photo of a group of 3D objects taken from a different viewpoint. Identify the relative positions of the solids by comparing 2D outlines and colours. Rotate the scene until the view matches the original photo. The solids in the ...


MathXplosion, Ep 42: Maths in nature

Maths can be found in living things and natural structures. Explore mathematical patterns in nature, such as the tessellating hexagonal units of a honeycomb, the bilateral symmetry of a leaf, the radial symmetry of a snowflake and spiderweb, and the number of right or left spirals on a pinecone or pineapple (Fibonacci numbers).


Understanding Rotation

A simple, animated introduction to rotation of geometric shapes, with an interactive quiz.


Taronga Zoo - Rainforest heroes: iPad app

This iPad app provides an experience of Taronga Zoo's stunning Wild Asia rainforest trail. Guided by volunteer researcher Heidi Greentree and a GPS map, students create a PDF field report using the photographs they have taken, observations made and information collected. This can be emailed for further research and discussion ...


Waste and materials – sustainability action process (Years 3–6)

This resource guides students through an extended school-based or local investigation focussed on waste and materials using the five-step sustainability action process. The resource supports the investigation of a real-world issue or problem. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate ...


Skeleton Shapes

This resource is a web page containing a practical task to model 3-D objects. The task suggests the use of straws and modelling clay or similar material to create a model of firstly a cube and next other 3-D objects. A printable resource is also available to support the task. This resource is an activity from the NRICH website.


MathXplosion, Ep 31: Heavy vs big

How would you measure and compare the weight of something? Learn why big things aren't necessarily heavy. All you need is something heavy and a lot of something light and you’ll be able to prove that weight is not the same as size.


MathXplosion, Ep 45: How to make an origami frog

Origami folds have associated geometric patterns or "paper trails" in which we are able to visualise different types of triangles, angles, polygons, lines and symmetry. Use these patterns to turn a two-dimensional flat sheet of paper into a three-dimensional hopping frog!


Sustainable transport – sustainability action process (Years 3–6)

This sustainable transport learning resource will guide students through an extended school based investigation. Students will develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and reflect on their success and their learning.


Angles - measurement, construction, estimation

This is a website designed for teachers and students in year 5, and addresses the topic of angles. It contains material on the vocabulary used when dealing with angles, and introduces the measurement and construction of angles using a protractor. There are pages for both teachers and students. The student pages contain ...


Enlargement transformations

This is a website designed for teachers and students in year 5, and addresses components of the enlargement transformations topic in geometry. It is particularly relevant for the concept of enlarging two-dimensional shapes and also contains material on enlarging drawings using grid paper. There are pages for both teachers ...


Area of a parallelogram

This is a Geogebra activity used to teach the area of a parallelogram. Suitable for use with an interactive whiteboard (IWB).


Numeracy wrap: Round the outside

In this resource students will calculate the perimeter of different shapes, choose the appropriate measuring device, make different shapes from given perimeters



An interactive tutorial about types of solids and the components of simple solids.


Sites2See – measurement for primary

Selected links to a range of interactive and print resources for Measurement topics in K-6 Mathematics.


Cartesian planes

This resource is designed to support student learning in Stage 3 Mathematics. It provides an interactive introduction to the Cartesian plane, its components and the use of Cartesian coordinates.


Finding Farms

This is a teacher resource containing a series of inquiry teaching sequences about life on farms in Australia. It contains material to assist the planning, implementing and assessing a study of five primary industry sectors involved in food and fibre production. The tasks in this resource are based around illustrated maps ...