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Mathematics / Year 4 / Number and Algebra / Number and place value

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Apply place value to partition, rearrange and regroup numbers to at least tens of thousands to assist calculations and solve problems (ACMNA073)

Elaborations
  • recognising and demonstrating that the place-value pattern is built on the operations of multiplication or division of tens
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Place value,  Associativity

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An abacus is a tool that helps people solve maths problems. Why might some people still use, and encourage the use of, an abacus when there are more contemporary tools like calculators?

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Maths Years 3 - 4 with Ms Kirszman: Our place value system

In this lesson, Ms Kirszman demonstrates how to measure using 10 as a unit to iterate – rather than using a smaller unit. You will also explore how renaming, using place value parts, can help you when working with numbers. The place value number system will be looked at in some depth, as well as the importance of the periods ...

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Maths Years 3 - 4 with Ms Kirszman: Partitioning numbers using efficient strategies

In this lesson, you will continue to partition numbers in standard and non-standard ways. You'll also explore how the same problem can be solved in many ways, and you'll be challenged to find other ways to solve problems and to discover which strategies are most efficient.

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Wishball challenge: whole numbers

Test your understanding of decimal place value with whole numbers. Receive a starting number, such as 3786, and work towards turning it into a target number, 7664. Spin a random digit, choose its decimal place value and use the given operation (either addition or subtraction) on your starting number. Be careful not to overshoot ...

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reSolve: Algebra: Chess - The King

This lesson aims to build students' algebraic reasoning and understanding of number as they explore computation on the number chart. Students explore the moves of a king chess piece and how the value of the numbers change as he moves. This builds into an algebraic exploration of equivalent values that can be found on the ...

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reSolve: Place Value: Cartoon Counting

This lesson engages students in investigating place value by considering a counting system using base 8. Students are challenged to imagine how place value would work in a cartoon world where everyone only had eight fingers. They engage in activities with counting blocks, representing numbers in base 10 and in base 8 and ...

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reSolve: Authentic Problems: 10000 Centicubes

This sequence of four lessons integrates content in number and measurement to deepen students' understanding and confidence working with larger numbers. Students work flexibly with numbers up to 10 000 as they determine suitable dimensions for a container that can hold 10 000 centicubes. They are challenged to plan, construct ...

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Selected links to a range of interactive online resources for the study of number in Foundation to Year 6 Mathematics.

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Counting games - years 1 and 2

This is a teacher resource that includes a set of student activities including counting games, focusing on numbers to 100, accompanied by copy masters and a detailed teacher guide for each activity. The games include the Korean number counting game sam yew gew - referred to as 'sam-yuk-gu' in the Australian Curriculum. ...

Interactive

Wishball: whole numbers

Test your understanding of decimal place value with whole numbers. Receive a starting number, such as 3786, and work towards turning it into a target number, such as 7664. Spin a random digit, choose its decimal place value and decide whether to add or subtract the random digit from your starting number. You can use a 'Wishball' ...

Interactive

Wishball challenge: hundreds

Challenge your understanding of place value in whole numbers up to 999. Receive a starting number, such as 328, and work towards turning it into a target number, such as 177, within 20 turns. Spin a random digit, choose its decimal place value and use the given operation (either addition or subtraction) on your starting ...

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The take-away bar: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for solving subtractions in your head such as 87-39. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to use linear partitioning techniques. Solve subtractions by breaking them up into parts that are easy to work with, work out each ...

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Wishball challenge: tens

Challenge your understanding of place value in whole numbers up to 99. Receive a starting number, such as 86, and work towards turning it into a target number, such as 18, within 20 turns. Spin a random digit, choose its decimal place value and use the given operation (either addition or subtraction) on your starting number. ...

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The multiplier: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains strategies for solving complex multiplications in your head such as 22x38. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to use partitioning techniques. Solve multiplications by breaking them up into parts that are easy to work with, use ...

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Zero the hero

What is the role of zero as a placeholder for large numbers such as 1 million, 1 billion and 1 trillion? Find out about the notion of place value and powers of ten through the act of bead counting.

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Maths Years 3 - 4 with Ms Kirszman: Quantifying collections

In this lesson, Ms Kirszman teaches you how to play Minute To Win It, and she explores how we can quantify collections without needing to count but by looking and thinking instead. The use of familiar structures to help you quantify collections is also explored, for example, dice patterns and ten-frames.

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The difference bar: go figure

This tutorial is suitable for use with a screen reader. It explains how to split up numbers in your head when finding the difference between two numbers such as 26 and 73. Work through sample questions and instructions explaining how to use linear partitioning techniques. Find the difference between pairs of numbers. Split ...

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This collection of 21 digital curriculum resources focuses on assisting students to develop efficient and effective mental calculation strategies for performing additions and subtractions of two-, three- and four-digit whole numbers. It is organised in three categories: developing strategies - addition; developing strategies ...

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Wishball: hundreds

Test your understanding of place value with three-digit numbers. Start with a three-digit whole number such as 507. A spinner provides a randomly generated digit. Choose its place value and add it to (or subtract it from) your starting number. Work towards a given target number, say 539, using other digits. You can choose ...