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Listed under:  Science  >  Matter  >  States of matter
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Steam or just a load of hot air?

Take a journey with two 2013 Sleek Geeks Eureka Science Schools Prize finalists, as they present their take on the history of steam power. See how they link steam power, the properties of water and the way energy is converted. WARNING: if flickering light affects you, you may be best to avoid watching this video.

Interactive resource

Matter

This learning object provides simple animations that illustrate the nature of paper, water and the structure of the atom. There is a self test and also ideas for further research. These are accompanied by a timeline of discoveries about the atom, and a pdf document ‘Nanotechnology’. The object requires Adobe Flash Player ...

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Change of state: liquid to gas

Substances exist in different states depending on the temperature. Watch the Surfing Scientist have a popping good time as he demonstrates this phenomenon. Don't forget to block your ears!

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Types of matter: solids, liquids and gases

Select samples from an outdoor setting. Magnify the substances to atomic level so that the particles they consist of can be seen. Sort the substances into groups based on how the particles are arranged and how they move. Classify the substances as solids, liquids or gases. For example, classify argon as a gas and ice as ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: What's the matter?

This comprehensive teacher resource explores the properties of solids, liquids and gases through a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities. Students are supported to plan and conduct an investigation of whether the observable properties of materials change with temperature. Seven structured lessons are ...

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Implode a soft drink can using an invisible force

Can you imagine being able to crush a can without hitting or squashing it? Watch as Ruben the Surfing Scientist shows you how this can be done. Listen to Ruben explain the science behind the imploding can and find out what invisible force is involved.

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Carbon dioxide (CO2) fire extinguisher

Different types of chemical reactions are used in many everyday products. Watch this clip to see how two common household substances can be combined to create an 'Invisible Candle Extinguisher'.

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Properties and behaviour of gases

All substances are made up of tiny particles. A change in temperature can change the way these particles behave. Watch as the Surfing Scientist demonstrates how a gas behaves when it is heated. Find out whether the balloon gets sucked or pushed into the bottle!

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Shrinking and expanding metals

Explore with the Surfing Scientist team what happens when metals are heated and cooled. Find out what happens to a metal ring when it is immersed in extremely cold liquid nitrogen. What do hinges on the Sydney Harbour Bridge have to do with all this? Find out.

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Boiling liquid nitrogen at freezing temperatures

Explore some of the amazing properties of liquid nitrogen with Ruben the Surfing Scientist. Find out how Ruben proves that liquid nitrogen is very very cold. See the effect of adding liquid nitrogen to water.

Interactive Resource

Science Talk 2007: Ruben Meerman

Find out what happens when the ABC's Surfing scientist, Ruben Meerman visits Year 3 at Crown Street Public School with some liquid nitrogen! Ruben shows the Year 3 students what happens to solids and gases when they are cooled and warmed and relates this to real-world phenomena. Ruben also shows the kids some tricks with ...

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From chocolate buttons to magic patterns

Want to do a simple science experiment that works just like a magic trick? Watch the Surfing Scientist to find out how. He creates a pattern made up of regular shapes by dissolving coated chocolate buttons.

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Do-it-yourself science toys

Bernie and Ruben show you how to make four do-it-yourself (DIY) science toys. Learn how to make a balancing tightrope walker, a lava lamp, a spinning spiral decoration and a cardboard boomerang. You might need some help with a few things.

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Raiders of the lost Anti-Bubble

Doctor Ruby and Bunsen Bernie are bubble hunters in search of the mysterious Anti-Bubble. Before they can enter into the Chamber of the Anti-Bubble, they must pass three challenging bubble tests. This is part one of a two-part episode.

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The secret chamber of the Anti-Bubble

Bubble-hunters Doctor Ruby and Bunsen Bernie have to solve just one more challenging bubble test before they can enter the Chamber of the Anti-Bubble. They have to make a cubic bubble! This is part two of a two-part episode.

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Amazing properties of water

Discover the wonderful properties of water as Adam Spencer and Dr Karl track the change in melting ice as it moves from solid to liquid. Listen as Dr Karl explains the importance of water to the development of life on Earth.

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Evaporating liquid nitrogen

Can you imagine a liquid that turns into a gas at minus 196 degrees Celsius? Watch as the Surfing Scientist explores the change in properties of liquid nitrogen as it evaporates in a series of experiments that go 'pop'!

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Picking up ice cubes with string

Imagine trying to pick up a slippery ice cube with just a piece of string. Watch the Surfing Scientist team demonstrate how it can be done, using a surprising additive.

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Magic tricks revealed using chemistry

Some magic tricks, such as disappearing ink or candles that won't blow out, can be explained by chemistry. In this clip, three classroom chemistry experiments demonstrate that some familiar magic tricks rely on acid-base chemical reactions, and the properties and behaviour of gases. Watch closely if you've ever wanted to ...

Teacher resource

Heating and cooling

Students explore the properties of solids, liquids and gases, with a particular focus on the properties of air. Students investigate how heating and cooling may or may not change the state of a particular substance. The tasks allow students to articulate their thinking and record ideas.