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English / Year 9 / Literacy / Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Interpret, analyse and evaluate how different perspectives of issue, event, situation, individuals or groups are constructed to serve specific purposes in texts (ACELY1742)

Elaborations
  • debating the reliability of the coverage in a range of news media of a contentious issue such as commercial logging of old growth forests
  • evaluating techniques used to construct plot and create emotional responses such as comparison, contrast, exaggeration, juxtaposition, the changing of chronological order, or the expansion and compression of time
  • constructing questions to frame an analysis of differing representations on moral issues in texts, and including a critical analysis of a personal view in the overall analysis of the issue
  • identifying whether two texts may share a common purpose or audience, for example a feature article on a particular website or in a particular newspaper
  • analysing how issues are debated and reported in the media in different countries, and the possible reasons for this, for example ‘whaling’ in Japan and Australia
  • analysing and interpreting assumptions about groups that have shaped or influenced representations of people, places, events and things; identifying how listeners, viewers and readers are positioned by these representations, and supporting identified points with examples
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
ScOT terms

Attitudes,  Reviewing (Texts)

Audio

Churchill speaks of blood, toil and victory

Winston Churchill is regarded as one of history's greatest orators. One of his most famous speeches was given to the British House of Commons on 13 May 1940, three days after he was appointed prime minister in the early stages of World War II. Discover the power of his oratory in this audio clip.

Video

Malalai Joya's voice of dissent

Malalai Joya is a former Afghani politician who, as a young woman of 25, stood up in a room crowded with 503 mostly male political delegates to denounce the warlords who had taken control of Afghanistan. Her action was supported by many but was denounced by those in power. Today, Joya continues her political activism.

Audio

Spanning the generations in an unlikely friendship

Do you think strangers with 60 years of age between them can become friends? When eighteen, George Baker found out that they can when he befriended Geoff, a man in his eighties. Could you write or record a story about yourself and/or your community? The ABC's Heywire competition calls for stories from 16-22-year-olds in ...

Audio

Representing Australia's farmers

What image comes to mind when you think of Australia's (Australian) famers? The media often shows farmers facing drought, floods and even locust plagues. Such media reports often portray farmers as 'Aussie Battlers' who are struggling in a challenging environment. As you watch, consider how farmers are represented in this report.

Video

Representing Sydney's suburbs, 1965

In this clip from the mid-60s, explore how words and images can be combined to encourage particular interpretations and influence audience response. Explore how some of the inner suburbs of Sydney have been represented in history.

Video

Pitching the perfect news story

Ever considered the amount of thought and planning that would need to go into each and every news item? Journalists must plan their stories carefully and pitch them to their editors, who decide which items will go to air. Learn some tips about creating the perfect pitch from Triple J Hack experts Michael Atkin and Kaitlyn Sawrey.

Video

The Kyoto Protocol: exploring a debate

Climate change remains a hot topic in Australia. Different people express various and often opposing viewpoints about how best to address climate change. As you watch this clip from 2007, explore the debate surrounding the Kyoto Protocol and practise analysing speakers' arguments.

Video

Challenges and changes in journalism

Experienced foreign correspondent Zoe Daniel has witnessed changing governments and borders and the evolution of communications technology. But the challenge of conducting interviews while undercover in hostile locations has not changed. As she recounts her interview with Aung San Suu Kyi, consider the challenges Zoe has ...

Video

Zoe Daniel's dangerous day job

The role of foreign correspondent is just one career in the field of journalism. It involves reporting from some of the most troubled places in the world, and can be both exciting and dangerous. Zoe Daniel met this challenge for over ten years, reporting from such far-flung places as Zimbabwe and Burma. Discover more about ...

Video

Persuading a 'generous, open-hearted people'

The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 on the USA reverberated throughout the world. As far away as Australia, they shaped national policies and the rhetoric used to promote them. Explore the influence of these events on the 2001 Liberal Party policy launch, delivered by former Prime Minister John Howard.

Video

Running towards mental health

Would you accept someone's argument if you didn't think the person presenting it was credible? Explore Nakita Sobczyk's Heywire audio story and reflect on what makes her an ideal person to educate others about mental illness. As you do, consider the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle's discussion of how 'ethos' can be ...

Video

Debating Vietnam: using counter-arguments

Imagine agreeing with your opponent in a debate. How could that possibly help your argument? Many successful speakers, however, realise that concession is an important persuasive technique. In this clip, explore how two speakers discussing the effectiveness of Vietnam War protest marches both use concession to improve their ...

Video

This isn't English, it's Australian English!

Mara Zeissig had a hard time understanding what was going on when she first went to school in Australia after moving from Buenos Aires, Argentina. In her Heywire audio story, explore the importance of language in our social interactions.<br /><br />Could you write or record a story about yourself and/or your community? ...

Video

Powerful words: Gough Whitlam's dismissal

Gough Whitlam is the only Australian prime minister to have been sacked from office - along with his entire government. After learning of his dismissal, Mr Whitlam addressed the Australian public and uttered a line that has resonated throughout Australian politics since 1975. Words can be immensely powerful and, as you ...

Video

Books that changed the world: 'Silent Spring'

Have you ever thought that a book could be so powerful that it could change the world? Discover how the biologist Rachel Carson's book 'Silent Spring' led to the banning of toxic agricultural chemicals and launched the modern environment movement.

Video

I may only be a fish and chip shop lady

Pauline Hanson is one of Australia's most controversial politicians. In a short time she gained a significant following before public opinion turned against her. In this clip, listen to excerpts from her first (maiden) speech to Parliament in 1996 and discover how this fiery politician attracted such attention.

Video

Objectivity in the media - thinking about Twitter

Imagine a platform where everybody has the opportunity to voice their opinions publicly. That would be pretty democratic, right? This is one of the purposes of Twitter. However, Twitter doesn't always give an accurate indication of public opinion. Explore how this clip encourages viewers to think about Twitter in a particular way.

Video

Will Kostakis on writing distinct voices

Will Kostakis uses three separate characters' perspectives to tell his story, The Sidekicks. How did Will keep the voices of these three characters distinct? Write about a fictional event from the perspectives of three imagined characters. Think about who these individual characters are, how differently they might express ...

Video

Foreign correspondents: making a difference

Foreign correspondents' jobs can be difficult, particularly during interviews with people in terrible situations. It's easy to feel powerless to help those being interviewed. Sometimes, though, giving people the opportunity to tell their stories can be valuable. Join former foreign correspondent Zoe Daniel as she discusses ...

Video

John le Carré: early influences

How do writers of spy novels find inspiration? Where do they learn about the people and places that feature in their books? Listen to acclaimed author John le Carré explain how he draws upon his childhood, family and his work with the British secret service to inspire and inform his novels.